People learn various ideas, beliefs, and customs that determine their nature as society members. This means people become what they learn, which may change the way they see other people and the relationship with them. People are conditioned to believe certain things and sometimes discriminate others for not being like them. For instance, black citizens in America are considered inferior and face discrimination from every corner (Smith, 2015). Differences between people have been used to group human beings into different races, classes, and ethnic groups resulting to discrimination.
Different cultural groups have different ways of thinking, feeling, and acting and there is the tendency of considering some groups more superior than others. This has led to cultural ethnocentrism in which some cultures are seen as superior to others. Cultures and ethnic backgrounds are used to determine the fate of many individuals, especially in America. The rate at which black people are beaten, killed, or tortured in Brazil and the USA by the police is higher than that of the whites. Some that approach the law for justice end up being killed for exposing the rot in the police service and the state. For instance, the death of Jonathan in Charlotte, which occurred in September 2013, is a good example (Smith, 2015). Politics of Blackness has been in existence for many years in which people are cauterized depending on their race of origin. Black people are seen as people with less liberal democratic citizenship with less national belonging.
Classifying people depending on their races denies them important rights as citizens of a country. This is a dangerous reality as people lack basic services such as quality education and care because they belong to the discriminated society. In other cases, income is used to classify people into groups, and the low-income earners struggle to acquire basic needs such as food and shelter. Racial discrimination resulted from such classifications and denial of resources that can enable people to empower themselves. People with different physical appearance tend to have a different way of life. For instance, Africans have a different appearance from that of Europeans and Asians although biological characteristics do not differ (Smith, 2015). The physical appearances that have facilitated classification of people as belonging to different races and cultural backgrounds include skin color, shape of skull, color of the eyes, hair color, and type, and many others that are quite visible.
People’s practices have also led to the emergence of classification of individuals as either primitive or advanced. Individuals may live in the same geographical environment but behave differently depending on their cultural believes that they inherit from their ancestors (Smith, 2015). Classification regarding gender and ability is also common among communities. Men are seen as more powerful and playing an important role in the society as compared to women. This is a notion that has existed in several communities as human beings have tried to divide themselves depending on sex. Giving birth to a boy is highly celebrated in many communities raising some concerns about the wellbeing and the importance of girls in the society. This has affected girls’ achievement in several areas such as education since some are forced into early marriages.
Smith, C. A. (2015). Blackness, Citizenship, and the Transnational Vertigo of Violence in the Americas. American Anthropologist, 117(2), 384-387.