Culture history is shared traits and ideas which can show normative. Cultures also have artifacts with similar styles that represent their culture exclusively in certain areas. For that reason, the archeologist was able to discover the existence of the Mississippian and Oneota in Morton Village. They were able to dig up remains at the site and also found grave goods and mounded style which indicates Mississippian and Oneota influence. After learning the backgrounds of the Mississippian and Oneota it was easier to know where there reside. For example, Mississippians mostly made Stirling Phase Vessel Assemblage pots. Therefore, if archeologist found those types of pots in houses they discover they would know that Mississippians would most likely live there.
Processual perspective is history issues and archaeologist seeks to explain and understand the cultures process in an ecological and materialism way. The archaeologist discovers unusual patterns when they discover some of the artifacts, housing, and even body remains. For the skeletal remains, an archaeologist discovers a lot of trauma which indicates a high level of violence in the culture. Therefore in a processual tactic archaeologist would try and discover if it’s a part of their culture like a ritual or could it be something else. The archaeologist also notices that Mississippian and Oneota were starting to show the same characteristics. For examples, the pottery. Each culture had their own unique way of creating their pottery, therefore, it was easier to determine who live where and who made what. Archaeologist noticed similarities between each other in pottery. Which comes into question cohabitation, social context, and village structure.
For post-processual or contextual approach, archaeologist focuses on individual’s behaviors and influences. The best place to determine individual influences for the archaeologist was the Norris Farm Cemetery which is associated with Morton Village. Archaeologist found 264 remains, Mostly Oneota. In the graves, they found grave goods. When someone leaves an item with you, it has a certain value to it. Either the deceased person created it, it was given to them or they played a certain role in their community where it’s a ritual to show respect and leave a certain item behind. There was also a mounded style which is significant to Mississippians. Therefore, if the person in the grave site happens to be Oneota then we should determine that individual’s relationship to the Mississippians to better understand and see the relationship between the two cultures.
The most interesting archaeologist discovery for me was the relationship between Mississippian and Oneota. When the discussion of Mississippian and Oneota first came up the two cultures seemed very distant. Therefore it was fascinating to see they were influencing each other in their day to day life by changing their culture ways. So I would find out what was the exact relationship between to the two cultures. Was it just I share this with you and you share this with me? Or was it more of both cultures interbreeding with each other? Another interesting thing was the violence the archaeologist found in the deceased. That took me by surprise because if they were able to tell signs of violence then the Skelton had to be damage significantly. Which has me wondering was the violence from hunting, battle scars from wars or in some cultures you have to fight to earn certain titles. I wonder was that the cause of the violence shown in their remains.