The Morton Village site gives a good template for discussing the different theoretical perspectives that influence archaeological research. The first of these approaches would be culture history. This can be see in the way in which the Oneota and Mississippians are categorized in order to evaluate where on the site(s) each specific culture may have been located. The archaeologists due this by categorizing the artifacts that they find such as pottery and ceramics. How these artifacts are decorated and the different ways that they are shaped and formed can help identify the culture that made them seeing as unique people/cultures are going to have their own specific way of making things. There are other traits that can be used as well. One of the other main ones used to distinguish Oneota and Mississippians is architecture style. Additionally, the test excavations that were performed in 2008, as well as the geophysical surveys conducted, helped to form a map that would define the area and what part of the site was used.
The processual perspective seems to be where the site is mostly at today. Research that is done with this perspective is based in the idea that you should test competing hypotheses until you are able to refine your model into one that fits with all the known data. The current goal of determining the limits and spatial arrangement of the sites is being tested using this idea. Subsequently, tests about village life and violence at Morton Village are also be conducted in the processual perspective manner.
In my opinion, there isn’t much sign of a post-processual approach being taken currently at the site, but one aspect of this type of research that I did notice involved the idea of needing multiple interpretations of the archaeological record in order to have a greater understanding of the meaning of the record. In lecture 2.3, it was stated that the working hypothesis is that the occupation of the village were sequential, but that a different reading of archaeological record leads them to believe that this isn’t the case, but instead both groups did in fact live at the site at the same time.
The thing that interests me the most about this site is the idea that there were houses in which Oneota and Mississippians lived together. I know that this was just mentioned briefly in passing, and that there wasn’t a whole lot of evidence supporting this idea, but I am certainly fascinated by it. It’s very easy to just ask the question of why, but I also am interested in what sort of relationship this may have been? Was it an equal relationship, or were one of them potentially captured/enslaved? What remains specifically were found to support this idea? If there were artifacts such as pottery, could they have potentially just been stolen?