The Morton Village site provides a great example of an excavation site with many different types of methods being practiced. It is easy to tell that they implement many of the major paradigms into their research when working on the site. First off, they practice the Culture History method as they try to identify the Native Americans that lived in the area into two distinct groups: Mississippian and Oneota. One way they did this was by categorizing pots and ceramic remains based off their features. Depending on where the artifacts were found and the style and method used, archaeologists can determine whether the area was inhabited by Mississippian Natives or the Oneota. Another way to determine who inhabited the area was through their architectural styles and methods. The foundations for each type of home were very distinct, again making it much easier to tell which group lived in these homes.
The Processual Approach is yet another paradigm being practiced at the Morton Village site. In Processual Archaeology the ecological model is stressed pretty heavily, hence one of their current goals being trying to figure out the layout of the area and which group inhabited which parts. Processual Archaeology also embraces science and statistics. The lecture mentioned that the archaeologists at the site discovered the Norris Farms 36. Based off the skeletal analysis, they determined that there was a lot of violence in the area because about half of the adults found suffered from some sort of violence. I thought that it was also very interesting when the lecture stated that violence rates were about the same when it came down to gender.
I see the Contextual Approach being practiced in the Morton Village site as well. They knew that there was a cohabitation of the area between the Mississippians and the Oneota. However, they are really concerned with how the two groups lived in the area together. Based off their findings in the cemetery, I’m going to guess that the cohabitation wasn’t the most peaceful between the two groups, as there was probably dispute over traditions and norms between them.
Some questions I have about the two tribes concern their daily lives together. There obviously had to be some differences between their two cultures, but were there any mutual norms that brought them together? What was the main cause of violence in the area? Were they fighting amongst themselves or did they have a mutual enemy they were fighting against? And the biggest question I have is why they decided to live together in the first place. What was their main reason to come together and try to share their land with one another?