W3 Reflection Post

1. Looking at both of the principals of stratigraphy and the idea that stylistic change is gradual, an archaeological sequence can be seen within the strata. The first law of stratigraphy states that the units found at the bottom of the stack of strata is the oldest. In this case, this means that Stratum U contains the oldest artifacts and Stratum A contains the newest artifacts. The second principal of stratigraphy states that the units on a site can be differentiated from each other by differences in the uncovered objects. Using these principals and the evidence, three archaeological time periods in a sequence can be seen. Stratum R-U is the oldest in the sequence. Each stratum in this range contains undecorated pottery, cotton textiles and spearheads. The next range in the sequence is stratum I’-Q. Each stratum share green-red-and-blue-painted pottery, pottery and appliqué decoration and conical bottle spouts. Finally, stratum A-H, whose strata contain red painted pottery and surfaces and straight-sided bottle spouts.

2-3. There is evidence of mixing within stratum B and the burial site. Since the burial begins in the middle of stratum B and continues down to stratum C, within the burial there are both red-painted surfaces as well as red-painted stripes, meaning it has artifacts from both stratum B and stratum C. Filling can be seen in stratum E, where there is a layer of windblown sand that has been laid down that heightens the level of the ground and covers up old artifacts from stratum F. Stratum K’ could show collection, which is the reuse of ancient objects, because it contains pottery with punctate decoration which has only been seen several strata down in stratum P. Finally, unconformities result from cultural or natural change that causes deposition to cease. There is no obvious evidence of unconformities because none of the strata seemed to have no artifacts or evidence that time had passed.

4. The relationship of the wall with respect to the ground level at the time it was built seems to be that it was resting on the ground at the time it was built. It seemed to be built on the ground at the same time as strata O which was a horizontal cement floor.

5. The relative ages of the depositional units of the right side of the wall as compared to the left side of the wall somewhat align with each other. Strata K’ seems to be the same relative age as strata O-L. Strata J’ is the same relative age as strata K-I. Strata H’ is the same relative age as strata H. Finally, strata I’ is next to strata K’-H’ so the relative age of strata I’ is approximately the same length and time as strata K’-H’.

6. Strata O-H and a little bit of strata G bracket the construction of the wall on the left side, while strata I’, K’, J’ and H’ bracket the wall on the right side.

7. When doing the excavation, archaeologists would have first encountered the burial site in strata B, because it is the latest and therefore the closest to ground level. After digging for several strata, they then would have encountered the burial in strata P-Q because it was dug earlier in time and therefore is farther underground.

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