We have learned that there are two principles of stratigraphy. The first is the law of superposition. This law states that “the depositional unit found at the bottom of an undisturbed pile of strata is older that the ones above it”. The second law is the law of strata identified by their contents. This law states that “the depositional units at any particular archaeological site can be distinguished from one another by differences in the various objects and associations they contain, and by differences in the frequencies with which the various cultural materials occur”. According to the first law, stratum U is the oldest layer. Also, as you go from Stratum A-U, you can see that there is less detailed pottery and less you can make out. The second law comes to play when you look what has been found in each layer. There are subtle differences between some and bigger differences between others.
There does seem to be evidence of mixing, filling, collecting and/or unconformities. This can be determined by looking at what was found in the particular strata. An example of this is in the next paragraph.
An example of this is in stratum’s G and H both have pottery with red painted bands and bottles with rounded bottoms. This can be caused by mixing and even possibly filling, which are both situations that can affect the order of deposition.
It seems that the time the wall was built during the time of stratum O because that is the layer which the bottom of the wall lines up with.
It seems that stratum H is around a similar age to I and J. Stratum K, L, and J seem to be similar in age because of their contents. In fact, all of their contents seem to blend in which may be due to mixing.
The strata that seem to bracket the construction of the wall are stratum O, stratum N, stratum M, stratum L, stratum K, stratum J, stratum I, stratum H, and strata “I”, “J”, “K”, and maybe even “H” but I’m not too sure about that one.
Stratum P is the most bottom layer that has a burial type, and it has a pit with flexed burial dug from the lower part of the layer. In stratum B, there is also an extended burial dug from the middle of the stratum. From stratums A-D, there seems to be a shaft tomb.