W3 Reflection Post

Using both principles of stratigraphy, as well as the assumption that stylistic change is gradual, what is the most detailed archaeological sequence that can be established from the evidence?

To look at the most detailed archaeological sequence that can be established from the evidence you’ll have to use both principles of stratigraphy to make that conclusion. The first principle of stratigraphy is the law of superposition which states if an item is found at the bottom of the strata it’s older than the ones above it.  Putting that into perspective you can make the conclusion that Stratum U is the oldest because it has the less advanced and dull items compared to Stratum A. Stratum A contains more decorative and new artifacts. The second principle is the law of strata identified by their contents. It states that items can be distinguished from one another by differences in various objects and the associations they contain. Therefore if you use both principles the sequence you can see is Stratum U-P because you can tell which stratum is the oldest and you can compare and contrast the stratum and see how they advance.

Is there any evidence for the occurrence of mixing, filling, collecting, or unconformities? If so, what is the evidence, and where does it occur in the excavation?

There is evidence of mixing and filling determined by the burial sites which are located in Stratum B-A. And there is lots of collecting which can be determined by the similar artifacts that were discovered in a different stratum. Can be found in Stratum G and H.

What was the relationship of the wall with respect to the ground level at the time it was built?

It can be determined that the ground level of the wall the time it was built would be Stratum O. Stratum O has a horizontal cement floor.

What are the relative ages of the depositional units on the right side of the wall compared with those on the left side?

It can be determined that the items on the right are older. You can also tell that the stratum is associated with each other. I believe Stratum H and H’ are from the relative age because they contain the same pottery. I also think Stratum I’ and J’ are the same age because of pottery similarities.

Which strata bracket the construction of the wall?

The strata bracket that constructs the wall is Stratum O-H, G, I’ J’ K’

What is the sequence of burial types encountered in the excavation?

If following the first principle you would say Stratum P with the pit of a flexed burial dug. Then Stratum B and A with a pit with extended burial dug from the middle of the stratum then a shaft tomb with child burial in A. Archaeologists sequence for discovering the burial site is A-B, P.

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  1. Tatyona, the wall is bracketed in time between stratum P and G – the wall was built atop P and then a cement layer (O) was added, followed by a cultural layer (N), than another cement layer (M) and so on. Stratum I’ is a mixture of J’ and K’ as it has the pottery styles found in both. It is likely that someone dug a hold from the top of J’ to the bottom of K’ and mixed the layers, built the wall, then covered the outside of the wall with dirt previously dug up (aka with the result being I’).

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