In the video “The Hearth”, it discussed households from four different locations that existed in different periods of time. They were the Ceren, Copan, Teotihuacan, and Pompeii households. Each household structure was unique even though two of the households came from the same location. The Mayan sites of Ceren and Copan which showed a similar home structure and had a similar layout plan which was a central patio that was surrounded by multiple buildings. But the differences between the two lie on the size of each household; it was showed that the Copan site was much larger than the Ceren site which was interesting to see because they both had many similarities but the sheer difference in size was key in distinguishing each site as unique. Looking more into the household structure and can very much be compared to today’s society of a normal home environment; there was an area for cooking the meals, laying their heads for the night, and even a storage area that most likely contained various things such as their tools, food, or other household items. Analyzing these two sites show a stable household that served its functions very well and allowed the potential to expand the family home structure.
Looking at the next site which was the Teotihuacan household and showed that its household structure was even larger than the previous two. The reason for this that was showed, was that the home contained not just a typical family, but generations of the family all in one household. It was said that these homes could hold between thirty to one hundred people. This was astounding that such a household actually existed where not only your family, but extended family from previous generations also lived with you during this period of time in this location. Another unique feature of this household was that it was centered around a religious element and also an economic element because each family within the household played a role in trade and the production of goods.
Lastly is the household in Pompeii, it can be said that these households were very different from the previous ones and unique only to it. The household structures had different shops attached to it in order for the family to have a stable income, another unique feature was the homes of the upper class people in this society which were very lavished and distinguished their status from others. The family structure wasn’t as cohesive as the previous ones and allowed outsiders to be in the family such as previously freed slaves. Overall, this structure was different from the previous ones, but quickly faded away due to being buried by volcanic ash.