In the video, “ The Hearth” there was an archaeological study of four different locations which were Ceren, Copan, Teotihuacan, and Rome. For the Ceren and Copan they had similar Household layouts which consist of having a central patio and 3 or more buildings surrounding it. Each building had their different uses. One building could be for cooking while another was for storage or sleeping. The bigger the family was the more sleeping buildings were made. Household contain nuclear or extended families. However the Copan Household was different than the Ceren which helped differentiate the two since they had similar living styles. Ceren had preserved evidence due to volcanic ash. Archaeologists were able to find pots and corn cobs that were left behind. Archaeologists discovered three large stones in which the people could cook their food.
The Teotihuacan Household was much larger than the Ceren and Copan. They had 2600 buildings which could hold 30 to 100 people. Household did not contain nuclear families but consist of lineage families. The linage family was mixed because there was an uneven distribution of wealth and some lineages were growing faster than others. They had a religious element for ancestor worshiping and an economic element in which they Specialized in trade. Based on your age each member would participate in production, which were pottery. Archaeologists can based their interpretations off of the ruins and burials within the compound. They would bury under the patio, in the bedroom and altar.
The Rome Household was the biggest compared to all 4 households. Their household were more decorative compared to the others. They had multiple dining rooms to entertain guest. However their family was the less connected. They had shops attached to their house. Just like the Teotihuacan household they specialized in production. However, they would provide goods or services specific to the city, not just each family for themselves. They also didn’t have large families because they didn’t need them because they had slaves to do most of the labor. The city was also buried under volcanic ash which preserved some of the evidence which were artifacts and ecofacts.
I would like to do more research on the burial. I would like to understand the significance and reasoning behind where they buried their people. For the Teotihuacan people I want to know the religious or ritual aspect of burying their people inside with them instead of outside or creating a gravesite.