1.) In my opinion, the best discovery made in 2015 was the discovery of the bronze age bride. This find was the top find for me because of the great detail that archaeologists were able to infer from the various artifacts that were discovered.
2.) There was a plethora of cultural material found at this site. This site was the gravesite of a young woman that died around 1370 B.C. At this site, archaeologists found the woman’s corpse (of which her clothing, hair, tooth enamel, fingernails, and parts of her brain were preserved), and the cremated remains of a young child.
3.) As mentioned above, the materials that were found at this site provided archaeologists with enough evidence to tell a detailed story about this site and its inhabitants. When archaeologists originally discovered the site they believed that she was a local to the Jutland Peninsula, where she was found. Further research, however, has lead archaeologists to believe that she was not actually from the Jutland Peninsula, but from the Black Forest region. Researchers have determined that the young woman was sent from her home to Jutland to marry a chieftain. However, this was not all that archaeologists were able to determine. The remains of the child found with the remains of the woman have helped archaeologists to explain the moving patterns of the young woman (she moved back and forth between Jutland and the Black Forest a number of times). In these ancient marriages, the two families often exchanged foster brothers to secure the alliance. After marrying the chieftain, it is believed that the young woman went back to the Black Forest accompanied by a boy from Jutland. This boy would have been raised by the woman’s people. Next, the woman would travel back to Jutland with a boy from her home. The discovery of the child’s remains lead archaeologists to believe that he died on the way back to Jutland.
The best part about this find is the detailed picture that archaeologists were able to paint from the evidence. In my opinion, it is amazing that scientists were able to use the woman’s fingernails and hair to determine where she lived for periods in her life. The fact that we can take something that is seemingly so minuscule and make such thorough observations is amazing. It will be exciting to see how much more we can determine from artifacts as technology continues to improve.
The most surprising thing about the top ten discoveries was the variety of artifacts that were found at the sites. When imagining archaeological finds, many people imagine only human remains and remains of ancient structures. However, the top ten finds included human remains, animal remains, tombs, art, tools, and even pretzels.