August 17, 2018

Thank you all for making this course enjoyable and engaging!  If your interest in archaeology continues, please feel free to email me any time even though the course has ended.

Don’t forget to complete your extra credit assignments (scroll down to August 14 for instructions) today if you want the points!  I will be working on your Week 7 grades and compiling final grades over the weekend.

August 16, 2018

Your Week 6 grades are now available on D2L.  If you have a question about your grade, please include the link to the post or comment in the email.

REMINDER!  Your final blog posts for the class are due by 11:59 pm TODAY!!


August 15, 2018

As a supplement to this week’s topic on ethics, I want to direct you to this panel discussion, “Who Owns the Past?” filmed at the Oriental Institute on May 1, 2010.  Three scholars from three different museums discuss their perspectives on the ethics of archaeological collections and displays.

August 14, 2018


Some of you may have noticed that there is a space for Week 7 Archaeology in the News comments on the grade book, but no assignment listed on the schedule.  This assignment is for EXTRA CREDIT!  Chose one or two of your classmates’ Archaeology in the News Reflection posts.  Write one 100-word comment for five extra points or two 100-word comments for ten extra points.  To get the full ten points your comments need to be on two different posts.  Like other comment assignments you must reach the word count and engage with the blog post and course content to get the points.  The deadline to complete your comments to get the extra points is Friday, August 17 by 5:00 pm.


August 13, 2018

It was brought to my attention that the Week 7 quiz was not working – I’ve looked into this and realized it was my mistake.  The quiz is available now, but let me know if you have any other issues with accessing it.  Unfortunately, since this is the last week of class, I am not able to extend the deadline for the quiz to make up for the lost day when it was not working.


August 10, 2018

Next week is the last week of class!  The last day of class is Thursday, August 16.  Please note the earlier due date for your weekly assignments.  If you have any questions or concerns about finishing the course, please email me as soon as possible.

Also, remember to fill out your SIRS forms – these will be available until August 28.


August 9, 2018

I thought I would participate in Archaeology in the News this week, since I came across this really cool article through a friend in Northern Ireland: The Horse Skulls Hidden in the Dance Floors of Ireland, from JSTOR Daily on July 30.

As I’ve already mentioned in my introduction, I specialize in historical archaeology, zooarchaeology, and landscape analysis.  Often all of these things overlap when excavating and researching a community on the household scale.  You’ve already learned a bit about zooarchaeology in the lectures and readings for this course, particularly how it can tell us about what people were eating in the past.  At its most basic definition, zooarchaeology is the study of human and animal relationships.  A relationship can include broad processes like domestication and consumption of livestock, to the more personal, such as rootwork.  This article caught my eye because lately I’ve been interested in the use of animal bones in folk and religious practices in communities and in the home, several of which are mentioned here.  Scholars interpreted the horse skulls found underneath floorboards as either tools for acoustic amplification or as charms for luck.  Perhaps the answer is both.

In my own research, I’ve been spending a lot of time reading historic newspapers from the late 19th century.  While these don’t strictly deal with archaeological finds, they can be used to identify specific cultural practices in the past and help us interpret sites–Archaeology in the News in a different way!  In March of 1887, in their column “Giddy Gossip,” The Lantern newspaper in New Orleans reported on two piles of smelly and unsanitary oysters shells that had been dumped in empty lots.  One article also suggested that these shells should be put to use by making a shell road.  If archaeologists were to excavate in either of the spots identified  in the articles, they would know what to expect, how to date the layer of oyster shells they would inevitably encounter, and be able to interpret the purpose of the shells.


August 6, 2018

Your grades for the Week 5 assignments are now available on D2L.


August 1, 2018

Your grades for the Week 4 assignments are now available on D2L.  Please remember that I cannot accept posts and comments submitted after the deadline without prior approval – check the due dates carefully to make sure you are not missing out!


July 31, 2018

For those of you that are interesting in continuing to study archaeology after this course, MSU has some great resources available.  I’ve compiled some links to research guides and where to find scholarly publications for you to browse.

Research Guides
Archaeology Publications

If you have any questions about doing research in archaeology, feel free to ask me!  I will be happy to discuss it with you, no matter how basic you think your question might be.


July 27, 2018

Since I thought some of you might be curious about my interpretation of the reflection assignment from last week, I typed up some quick answers to the questions, and took this photo of my work process for interpreting the wall profile.

(Patterson 2005)

My process is a bit old fashioned – I printed out the profile and color or pattern coded artifacts to strata.  Wall profiles are often coded with colors and patterns to make it easier for archaeologists to visualize the stratigraphy and interpret the site.  Search ‘archaeology wall profiles’ for fancier examples!  [Image description: A photograph of a printed copy of an archaeological wall and a printed copy of archaeological strata descriptions.]

1. Stratigraphic sequence, from oldest to newest = U T S R Q P K’ J’ I’ (O N M L K J I) H/H’ G F E D C B A.  Strata in parentheses were likely created around the same time during the construction of the wall.  Stratum I’ was likely dug out from previous levels to build the structure that included the wall and cement flooring.

3. Mixing and filling can be seen in the levels around the wall and cement flooring, In particular, Stratum I’ is likely a mixture of the two or three previous levels (J through P).  Strata J, L,  and N were purposefully filled in between the levels of cement flooring.  There is no evidence of collecting.  Stratum E is likely an uncomformity, but may also turn out to be a instance of filling with more evidence from the rest of the site.

4. The wall was likely below surface level – Statum I’ appears to have been a result of construction excavation into previous strata. 

5. The strata on the right side of the wall are older than those on the left, based on evidence that the mixing in Strata I’ occurred as part of the construction of the wall.

6. Surface level was likely Stratum J’ at the time of construction and Strata H/H’ and G occurred sometime after construction in the archaeological sequence.

7. Sequence of burials from oldest to newest = Stratum P burial —> Stratum B burial —> Stratum A burial.


July 26, 2018

Your grades for the Week 3 assignments are now available on D2L.  I would like to remind everyone to make sure you are carefully reading and following the criteria for each assignment.  If you lost points, it is most likely for one of these reasons outlined in the “grading” section of the course website:

  1. Your post or comment was under the required word length.  Reflection posts are 400 of your own words – make sure you are not accidentally including the prompt or question you copied and pasted into the document in your word count.
  2. You did not use the correct title structure for the post – this is provided for you with the prompt.
  3. You did not categorize the post correctly – this is also provided for you with the prompt.

If you have any questions about your grade, please include a link to the post or comment  with your email.



July 24, 2018

REMINDER: Today is the last day to turn in proposals for the honors option.  If you want honors credit, get those proposals in!


July 20, 2018

The Week 4 Reflection Post prompt has been updated.  Please watch the new Video 4.1 and read the assignment carefully.  I have extended the deadline for the reflection assignments by 24 hours to make up for the lost time.  If you had already written a post for the old video and prompt (“Out of the Past: The Hearth”) before it was taken offline, you do not need to redo the assignment, just post what you have.

And now for some fun stuff!

You readings this week talked about the Five Points brothel site in New York – if you’re interested in food, there was a zooarchaeology study of this site published by C. Milne and Pam Crabtree published in 2001, which you can read on JSTOR here.  You may also enjoy this public zooarchaeology talk discussing evidence of beekeeping and the uses of honey through time by Gil Stein (2016), which you can view here on Youtube.


July 19, 2018

Your grades from the Week 2 assignments are now available on D2L.  Please remember to categorize your posts correctly or I might miss them!

It’s come to my attention that the Week 4 video “The Hearth” is no longer working.  I have contacted our tech support about it and will provide an update as soon as possible.


July 12, 2018

Your grades from the Week 1 writing assignments are now available on D2L.  I enjoyed reading your blog posts and look forward to more insights from everyone!

If you have not updated your WP display name yet, please try to do so this week.  Having your full name available on the post or comment makes it easier for me to enter grades.


July 8, 2018

Hello, everyone!  By now you should have activated your WordPress account and posted your first reflection blog post.  Great job!  Don’t forget your Week 1 reflection blog comments, introduction posts, and quizzes are due by 11:59 pm EST  tonight.

If you joined the class after Friday, June 29 an automatic WP invite was not generated for you.  Please email me immediately if you joined after the 29th or have otherwise not been able to access the site.


July 2, 2018

Dear students,

Welcome to ANP 203: Introduction to Archaeology (online). My name is Grace Krause and I will be your instructor for this course. In this email, I will be answering some important questions about this summer so read everything carefully.

By now you should have received your WordPress invite to use the course website.  If you did not receive your invite please email me (krausegr [at] msu [dot] edu) right away.

Do I have to come to campus? No.

This is an online course. There are no exams and you never have to come to campus to see me for any reason (unless you want to). You do need to have a high-speed Internet connection and you must log into the course website at least once a day to check for announcements.

Is this class on D2L? No.

It is run through a Word Press site.  You will only need to use D2L to take the weekly quizzes and view your grades.

How do I access the word press site?

You will receive an invitation to the site in your MSU email on MONDAY JULY 2 which includes the link. 

NOTE: If you have taken an ANP online class before, you will likely already have a username/password for WordPress. If you receive an email without a physical link to access the course, go to: and use the ‘forgot my password’ option when you try to login. Use your MSU email address and you should receive the new password. If this does not work, or you know you haven’t had an ANP online class before, contact the ANP help desk: anphelp [at] msu [dot] edu. Please put the course number in the Subject line of this email, and clearly explain the issue you are having.

Please watch the tutorials BEFORE you visit the site so you know how to login and change your password (note that this year’s website will look different than the one in the video).

What is the username/password to watch this and other videos?

To watch this video and ALL OTHER online course videos, you will need to use the universal login information emailed to you and posted on D2L. Please note that this is DIFFERENT from your word press login information, which is individual to you.

Are there any textbooks for this class? No.

All of the readings/videos will be posted on the course website under the schedule tab for that week. Once you receive an invitation to the site, you will be able to access the “Introduction” unit which includes some quick videos as well as instructions for the first blog post assignment. Each Monday, we will release the new week’s materials under the schedule tab.

I’m confused or have special circumstances, who do I ask for help?

If you have any questions about the website or the course, feel free to email me: krausegr [at] msu [dot] edu and make sure to write ANP 203 in the subject line and include your name and email address at the bottom.

It’s after July 2, and I did not receive an email invitation, what should I do?

Remember, the invitation will be arriving in your MSU email so just in case, check junk mail folder. If you have not received an invitation to the course site by the end of the day on Monday, please send one me an email and we will get it figured out. Please put the ANP203 in the subject line of this email, and clearly explain the issue you are having.

I received an invitation but now it says the link is expired, what should I do?

It is important that you click the link and set up your account within 48 hours, otherwise the invitation will expire. Send me an email and we will get it figured out.

How do I get help with writing?

Since you will be doing a lot of writing for this course, you may want to visit the Writing Center for help. You can schedule an online or in-person appointment at the website:  The hours for the summer term are Monday through Thursday, 9 AM – 5 pm, and Fridays, 9 AM – 2 PM. 

How do I get accommodations for my disability?

If you already have your VISA, please send it to me at krausegr [at] msu [dot] edu as soon as possible so I can get you set up before the accommodations are needed.  If you registered with RCPD. but do not have your VISA, please go to the RCPD website for information on how to proceed and to request an appointment:  You can also read about MSU’s policies for accommodations on the class website.

We are really excited about working with each and everyone of you this summer. See you online!