Biomedicine was intended to be founded on objectivity and
universality. However anthropologists
have determined that biomedical knowledge has been culturally constructed and
amended over time. The acceptance of germ theory, the mass production of antibiotics
and genetics, all have been influenced by culture. Culture has also reorganized
medical education in the U.S., as stated in lecture. The creation of local and
national medical societies is another example of the alteration of biomedicine.
The concept of culture influencing biomedicine is so important because, it
determines how we view and treat disease and interpret health as a whole. The
culture of biomedicine is what our health system has developed into and
continues to evolve in result of. Essentially, social factors, a large aspect
of culture, have a large effect on biomedicine.
I believe that certain dichotomies are essential in our
society. However, there are cases in which dichotomies have been used
incorrectly and unnecessarily. Valid dichotomies allow us to establish a norm
and have allowed us as a society to compare many aspects of life. Determining
things such as life and death are an essential use of dichotomies. My views on
dichotomies have come primarily from my environment. My family and education
are the main sources.
The dichotomy of male and female is an example of
dichotomies being correct while having numerous gray areas. Biologically
speaking, the dichotomy of male and female on the surface seems pretty clear
cut. Males have specific anatomical characteristics that are usually very
distinct from females. Hormonally, males and females differ greatly as well. In
the past, we have used the male and female dichotomy to assign gender roles. In
my opinion, this was an incorrect use of the dichotomy and many of these gender
roles have evolved greatly over time. Physically, the dichotomy made sense with the
male gender being dominant in terms of strength, but where it fell short was in
mental ability. Females and males have the same ability, in terms of intelligence.
This has become apparent and realized more recently than some would care to