Infant mortality in China has been a problem in past years but it has recently been reduced to 33/1000 deaths, in which the article I have cited states is a measure of the health care level. In the past, the rate was 300/1000 deaths before age one. Some causes could be related to difficult labors or disease. There has been an increased focus on vaccination to prevent infectious diseases.
Socially and culturally, China may be modernizing and realizing its infants do need to be taken care of to survive and thrive. They need vaccinations and to be born in a hospital. The lower mortality rate indicates that China has progressed both politically and economically in line with other prominent nations in the world today.
Carol Berman, a medical anthropologist from the University of Buffalo, has done research on infant mortality in Tibet. She has compared behavior and infant mortality.
The Chinese government has done an extensive amount of work in health promotion. They have increased their rate of vaccinations and thus made a substantial reduction in the infant mortality rate in China. There is still work to be done in this area but it is improving rapidly. The infant mortality rate is higher in rural areas, which is to be expected. There is less access to hospitals in these areas. The political climate has improved in China and the residents–infants included are benefiting from a new and improved China. Economically the country is doing better and the people of China are culturally, politically, socially functioning much better than they have in the past. Soon infant mortality, hopefully will become a problem from the past such as diseases that are no longer a problem today such as polio, tuberculosis, measles, things we have vaccinations for. This is good news for the people of China.