I chose the biological approach because it seemed to focus on every aspect that mankind goes through. It focuses on the environment, genetics, and individual choice of a person. For example, if a person has Diabetes, using the biological approach, you would review the type of environment they live in. Maybe they are from a poverty stricken area and may not have access to health information or even health insurance for that matter. Then you would focus on their genetics, meaning, does Diabetes run in the family or not. Lastly, their individual choice. What did they choose to eat everyday? Was it that they actually had access to healthy foods but just did not choose to eat it? Therefore, choosing the biological approach was the most logical to me because, once again, it focuses on every aspect.
The distinction between disease and illness is that disease focuses on symptoms and tests of certain foreign pathogens (Lecture 1 video) and illness focuses on the individual person through the cultural and social contexts. The distinction is very obvious when I think about the two. When I think of disease, I think of it as being long-term and you will live with it forever. When I think of illness, I think of it as being temporary or not a big deal. Illness can be as simple as a common cold to me. As you can see, there is a major distinction between the two.
In the article, Miner is talking about American Culture. I was very confused as to what culture it was until I researched it and realized that the word Nacirema is the word “America” spelled backwards. One ritual that is performed in the Nacirema culture is when they go see a “holy-mouth-man” once or twice a year. This is describing when Americans go to the dentist once or twice a year for tooth decaying, annual cleanings, and various mouth surgeries. I think this is saying that other cultures view this ritual of going to the dentist as unnecessary because they describe it as just being pain for the patient instead of it being healthy like we (Americans) think.
Another ritual that is discussed in the article is the “listener.” This is describing psychologists in American culture and how Americans think that a psychologists can solve the many problems that we (Americans) have. The ritual of hospitals is also discussed in the article and it states how a “latipso” is placed in the size of any community. It says that the ceremonies can only be performed there for very sick people. This is describing doctors and/or professionals performing surgeries in American culture. I get the impression that people think that there does not have to be a designated person to perform surgeries or treat illnesses since the text emphasized how the “medicine men” are the only people that can perform the surgery. This article was very intriguing and quite clever.