Ebola is a disease that originated from a river in the Democratic Republic of Congo, which is responsible for the name. If originates from contact with the bodily fluids of an infected animal. Originally, this was how it was transmitted, but human-to-human contact is also responsible for transmission. The ebola virus results in “the sudden onset of fever, intense weakness, muscle pain, headache and sore throat. This is followed by vomiting, diarrhoea, rash, impaired kidney and liver function, and in some cases, both internal and external bleeding.” (Ebola Fact Sheet). The fatality rate of the virus is typically around a staggering 50%, and in some cases as high as 90%. There are no known treatments or vaccines for ebola. For these reasons, ebola is a very dangerous epidemic, and it occasionally flares up in Uganda, even as late as 2012.
Above is an article linking to a recent outbreak from July. At the time of the article, 14 out of the 20 shown to have ebola died from it. However, they mention that a few tasks force have been dispensed in an attempt to control the outbreak. However, the World Health Organization “does not recommend that any travel or trade restrictions be applied to Uganda.” So, while dangerous, it does not appear to be too dangerous to travelers, simply poor residence around affected regions in Uganda.
Here is an article written by Barry S Hewlett, a cultural anthropologist. in it, he describes how there was an ebola outbreak in 2000-2001, and how they culture (specifically the Acholi people) dealt with the outbreak. I found his article fascinating because he gave surveys to the population, and will attempt to use their answers so that treatment, or at least outbreak prevention, can be controlled in the future, while still being culturally sensitive to the Acholi people. They believed that the outbreak was caused by a bad spirit, and they had a variety of methods of driving away these spirits, from wearing a dried banana bracelet, to chasing the spirits back to the Nile by loud noise. They also had procedures to sick people so they could get better, such as not dancing and refraining from sexual activity. However, they did share many similar ideas that we find basic, such as isolating those that are affected. Hopefully, by being mindful of the culture of these people, we can still effectively treat or prevent an ebolic outbreak.