Health and illness should be viewed holistically. When one is healthy, I think they must be so mentally ( feel happy, alive, active, motivated etc. ) and physically, (free of injury, diseases, and pain) because then, they will have a positive outlook on life. The opposite is true of illness. One is ill when one has to endure pain, discomfort, feel sad, and unmotivated. My definitions of health and illness were shaped from experiences and antidepressants, other medication ads on TV, that claimed to enhance life.
Menstruation to me is a healthy state. It is a natural biological process for namely human females, enabling reproduction. If a female doesn’t go through puberty/ experience menstruation, she and her family will be in distress because there’s a dysfunction in her reproductive system. Physiologically her endometrium isn’t shedding and preparing for potential pregnancy. Socially, she may feel like she doesn’t fit in with other females, and psychologically, she may be emotionally distressed because she’s different from other females. By this course’s definition: she is not healthy because physically, socially, and psychologically she has unwanted variations in the context of social, cultural, and environment.
She may need medical intervention that leads to prescription drugs, surgery, counseling, etc. which categorize her as being sick.
Old Age to me is also a health state. This is another one of those natural processes of life. Things are constantly changing, and the same goes for our cells. After a finite number of replications, our cells will reach their limits and are unable to renew themselves; we will proceed to aging. We can accelerate this process by not taking good care of ourselves through exposure to radiations, chemicals, and mutagens of sorts. A fortunate person will live through life with minimal doctor visits to alleviate his pain, but he will age gradually anyhow because this is life.
We all want to stay young and live life forever; some people go through the extent of utilizing botox to keep their youth. Still, the older we get, the more diseases we have to cope with. Cancer is more prevalent in elders because throughout their life time, they have come in contact with many sources that abused their body. Old age is not an illness, even though it has illnesses associated with it. This is an exchange for living.