Biological is the most useful method in studying health.

I chose the biological approach because I feel that most PAs, doctors, and nurses today use this method the most when treating patients.  If someone has a disease, there is almost always a biological explanation for this disease.  It could be any toxin from the environment or any human or animal.  Some people may be more susceptible to different things than others and have an allergic reaction.  Genetic mutations themselves may be responsible for a disease, or they could make people more susceptible to the disease.  The biological approach takes things like this into account to understand how and why people get sick.  It is necessary to apply this approach in order to develop therapeutic methods in which to treat patients.

Disease comes from a biological problem like a pathogenic bacterial or viral infection.  The disease changes a physiological process in the body, usually causing an immune response in the body that people call illness.  Illness is the way people experience, feel, and describe the response to an infection.  It usually is a negative, even painful experience that causes an alteration in one’s health.  Illness can also just be an alteration in one’s health from any means, even if there is no disease causing the illness directly.

This distinction seems pretty obvious.  Usually, when looking at a disease, I will think this is the way someone got infected, and this disease caused the illness.

The article speaks of the American culture.  I noticed this when they referenced Notgnishaw/Washington to the Patomac and the cherry tree, then I noticed the backwards spelling.

Americans focus on the human body.  People in America focus on appearing and feeling healthy.  This is in order to appear more dominant and beautiful, and also to combat the natural ugliness, disease, and death that accompanies mankind.  One ritual mentioned in the reading is for sick people to go to a temple for healing.  They are stripped of their clothes and stuck with magic needles and given magic supplements.  This is referring to a hospital, where doctors, nurses, and others are trained to help and treat patients.  Adults are eager to visit the hospital when they are sick, because they believe they are not healthy, and if they see a doctor, the doctor will somehow make them healthy again.  The article also mentions that people will go if they can afford it.  In America, we do not have universal healthcare, so people can only be treated if they have insurance, or want to pay a lot of money.

Another ritual mentioned is that of a holy-mouth-man, or a dentist.  Because Americans care about the health and looks of their bodies, the care of teeth is very important.  We see dentists twice a year to make sure our teeth are staying healthy, and most people brush once to twice a day in order to keep teeth healthy.

Another ritual


This Post Has 2 Comments

  1. Karra Larkins says:

    Hi, reading through your post, it looks like you modernized the rituals pretty well. Now in days people go to the hospital to get healed. They get IV’s to get some medication into their systems, in hopes of getting healed. They also get poked and prodded with needles, taking blood and bone samples. They are a part of invasive physicals to determine someone’s health. They are exposed to radio waves and invasive treatments to rid themselves of any illness.
    With dentists, people go once or twice a year to get their teeth cleaned and sometime more times to get teeth pulled or cavities drilled out. They voluntarily go get their mouths scraped and drilled and in turn they are told they are keeping health. If for some reason they are not healthy then they are subject to painful processes that will make them healthy.
    Today people also get procedures done in an effort to change appearances. They get plastic surgery and thing injected in them, so they look younger or appear more beautiful. They subject themselves to get cut open and sewed back together but this time it is not for health reason but because of the pressure of society to look a certain way.

  2. Rebecca Chockley says:

    I think the ritual of going to the hospital could be updated from what is described in the article from 50 years ago. While we still have a huge disparity in who can afford health care, anyone can go to the emergency room and get treated. We have rules about turning people away. We could now write about the prevalence of plastic surgery for purely cosmetic reasons. This would still fit into our culture of obsession about body shape and still seem ridiculous to a large portion of society. Those with money have the ability to undergo frivolous and dangerous procedures all for the sake of vanity. Overall thought I don’t think people fear the hospital as much these days as is described in Miner’s article. It is still true that many people die at the hospital, but that is an unavoidable consequence of the health status of those who seek treatment there. Healthy people have less reason to go to the hospital so this skews the death rates of visitors.
    As for the Holy Mouth Men, I don’t think that ritual needs to be updated very much. It can still be very painful to fill cavities and have a root canal done, but it is just as necessary now as it was back then. The methods may have been improved, but the social perception of the dentist hasn’t improved a whole lot.

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