I believe that health is the state of “being” whether it be good or bad. Illness is similar but I like to think the biggest difference is whether or not it can be proven or diagnosed. Other than that I think they both have to do with whether or not it causes pain and if it effects life in a negative way. So diagnosing, existence of pain, and effect on quality of life were my main deciding factors. I think of these terms similar to the terms fact and theory. A fact can be proven, and a theory, though very plausible does not have strong enough proof to make it a fact. It does not mean that the theory is not true, it just does not have enough information yet. My ideas come directly from school and my family. My three sisters and I are in the health field as well so school contributes as well. However I am a strong believer that the culture we are exposed to greatly effects our views as well.
In my opinion, poverty is an illness. However, this is a complicated decision. I believe that in many cases poverty is something that people have control over. I have the idea that with enough will power, anyone can rise above the socioeconomic status they were born into, however, that does not mean it does not effect them. If someone is born into a low socioeconomic home, poverty played a negative part in their life. It is something a child cannot control and it does greatly effect children. So in this case I believe it is an illness. I also think it can be an illness if you are ever at a low point, or you try to rise up, but fail. It can have devastating results and can be cause for many other illnesses people experience, such as anxiety and depression. However if you choose to never “better yourself”I do not know if I can consider it an illness anymore, because to me, it seems like a self inflicted problem. However, I can see this topic spiraling off into a great debate on what in the world couldn’t be considered an illness.
I believe spirit possession is an illness. It causes you pain and it effects your life in a negative way. I am not entirely familiar with this disorder, but I see it similar to many disorders in the sense that it is something you can not control. To my knowledge no real testing has been done to biologically prove the person has been possessed, which is the main reason I would have to say it is an illness. However I do not think the disorder is any less important or serious than a disease. In my opinion it just cannot be ruled as a real disease yet.