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The clown doctors are a group of professional clowns that work in pediatric wards in many New York City hospitals. They are not real doctors, but they work towards the same goal of treating their patients. They do this by treating the human dimensions and illness, rather than actual diseases. In America, their social status is not as high as normal physicians. They don’t operate in many hospitals, and there isn’t much evidence that they actually help patients get better. They heal pediatric patients by cheering up children in hospitals with various gags and jokes. They wear funny costumes and carry doctor’s bags filled with tricks, puppets, musical instruments, balls, and other things. Waiting pediatric patients will be surprised by clowns playing instruments, blowing bubbles, performing magic tricks, and playing with medical equipment. They try to cheer up and distract children and their parents while children are receiving medical care that can be frightening or painful. They also cheer up children with various life-threating diseases, burns, and cancer. The article mentions that these clowns can be compared to healing shamans in non-western cultures. These shamans use costumes, masks, and gags in order to heal their patients. They believe that the illness and human feelings involved in sickness must be treated. They mediate between order and chaos, real and supernatural, use profanity, and invert cultural rules in order to get an emotional response, which can be called Psychological healing. Native Americans often use clowns and shamans to treat the human dimension, or illness, rather than the disease like western physicians do. China and India often use shamans along with Physicians. Many Americans also visit alternative medicine providers as well as normal Physicians, creating what is called complementary or additive medicine. Normal medicine is scientific and treats the disease, while alternative medicine deals with the human dimensions and treats the illness. A disease and illness can be tackled more effectively when normal and alternative medicine is added together. The article points out that there is not much evidence that clowns and shamans can heal patients, but evidence has been gathered that adding both scientific and alternative healing can help children deal with procedures better and allow them to recover from illnesses faster.