The actual meaning of Hwa-Byung is “anger disease”, and it is a cultural bound syndrome that is related to anger within Korea. This is thought of as chronic anger that has been suppressed over a period of time. It is most frequently found amongst middle aged housewives of the lower social classes. The situations that this anger stems from is believed to be from family conflicts or issues where the Korean women suppress these emotions so as to not cause anymore social/ family strain on their relationships. After some of the women who were identified as having Hwa-Byung, or HB, they were given MRIs which displayed how keeping this anger bottled inside of these patients was related to functional impairment of the angular cingulated cortex. The study that I looked over states from it findings that even though HB and depression may share some of the same characteristics, they are in fact different in their symptoms.
Treatment of HB involves psychological testing and meetings. However, in the Korean society the treatment for mental disorders has a negative connotation. Other ways to treat this disease that do not include psychological testing is medication, self-awareness, and lifestyle changes that promote healthy ways of dealing with this anger and how to not suppress it.
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