The exact cause of fibromyalgia  is unknown, but it can be influenced by things such as genetics, personal lifestyle, physical trauma, etc. There is also a wide range of symptoms that can affect a person that has fibromyalgia. The person that wrote the blog included in the course materials mentions how she has had muscle pain that varied in location from day to day, flu symptoms, stiffness of leg muscles, bowel problems, insomnia, nonspecific chest pain, mood swings, and other symptoms. A certain culture can put more stress on a person, and this additional stress can increase the risk of getting fibromyalgia. Culture also influences how fibromyalgia is diagnosed (as a psychological disorder, a dysfunction of the muscles, etc.). The field of biomedicine can influence the experience of having fibromyalgia by creating drugs that reduce certain symptoms that come with the illness. Examples of this include antidepressants (such as duloxetine and amitriptyline)  and anti-convulsant drugs such as gabapentin and pregablin. Drugs like these can allow the person that has fibromyalgia to have some form of management over the illness. Although fibromyalgia can be managed through drugs and even psychological therapy, it has no definite cure or treatment.

I think the connection between belief and healing is simple. If a person believes he/she will get better, then they will have an increased chance of getting better. This also goes the opposite way in that if a person believes he/she will get worse, then their condition will probably be worse. An example of the first one can be seen “Placebo: Cracking the Code” when a woman was given a placebo instead of an antidepressant drug, but still overcame her depression. An example of the second one is when I had some form of food poisoning only a few months after recovering from a different food poisoning experience. My second food poisoning was minor in comparison to the first one, but just thinking about how bad my first experience was made the second experience much worse.





Wikipedia. “Fibromyalgia.” Accessed July 22, 2013.

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