Health is defined as being free from injury or illness. Illness is defined as the feelings associated with a particular disease, such as fatigue or pain. The criteria I used to define health and illness was the effects that it has on the body, whether it be physical or mental. If the side effect occurs naturally in the body, then it is not an illness. I believe that my criteria came from common sense and an understanding of the difference between an illness and a natural occurrence in the body.
For instance, cancer is definitely an illness. A patient who has cancer will have declining health resulting in physical and mental effects. There is also a chance that the patient won’t recover from the cancer leading to death, the main reason I put it in the illness category. This condition causes many negative changes to the body, and is definitely an illness.
Another condition I chose was menstruation, which is not an illness. Each month the woman’s body prepares for pregnancy. If no pregnancy occurs, then she will menstruate. Even though there are physical and mental symptoms in what is called the premenstrual syndrome, it is something that occurs naturally in a woman’s body. Every woman has to go through menstruation, therefore, you could not classify it as an illness because you’re saying that every woman has an illness at least once a month. Anything that occurs naturally in the body should never be classified as an illness.
The last condition I chose is sadness and I believe that it is an illness. Even though many people might think sadness isn’t an illness because it seems miniscule to other illnesses, the person would have declined mental health as a result. This depressed person’s mental state would go on to affect the physical state as well, and can cause many problems.