I think that the critical approach is useful because it is the most objective. Using the facts from biotechnology or biomedicine to support something subjective like an opinion is how to prove something to be correct. To answer the question from the lecture about the person brain dead and on a respirator one has to know the working definition of death and you have to know the hard science behind the body system.
The distinction between disease and illness was pretty obvious to me. Illness is the symptoms like pain and weakness or discomfort that are associated with a certain disease. These things are managed but a disease is treated or cured. A disease also affects a specific body organ or system whereas an illness is a general sense of feeling abnormal.
Miner is talking about the American culture. I realized at the beginning of the article actually especially when he was talking about the economic system and the way we portray out bodies.
The way that the American people are is mostly about what we have and is materialistic. When Miner was talking about how Americans spend a lot of their time in economic pursuits it made me think of how we are all about money! He also talks about how we spend so much time getting ready trying to make our body image to a certain unknown standard.