The ecological approach to studying anthropology involves the relationship between organisms and their total environments in order to understand how disease develops and spreads throughout a population. Natural disasters can disrupt the balance of an ecosystem as well as the expansion of civilization. With the ecological approach, there can be negative and positive effects on the ecosystem. Positive can include the building of irrigation systems and the negative effects can included the increase in pollution. This approach is helpful to use because of its linear relationship. For instance, the goal of an ecosystem is to maintain balance so, if something is disrupted in the environment, there would be a direct effect on organisms. Because of this cause and effect relationship it may be easier to pinpoint the problems and fix or maintain them. This will in turn help examine how humans deal with these issues and how it increases their health overall.
Disease and illness are different subcategories under the definition of health. Disease is the identification of symptoms and also tests for foreign pathogens. Illness is more individualized because it deals with how a person understands their sickness and how it is categorized depending on their culture. This distinction is obvious to me because I view disease as more general and illness as more personal to a person.
In the article Miner is talking about the American culture. This became noticeable to me, towards the end of the article. The charm box is involved in family rituals. It’s the focal point of a shrine. It is a chest that holds many charms and magical potions that without, the natives feel like they will not live. Family members bow before it every day and have a brief rite of ablution. Another ritual is a daily one called a mouth rite. It consists of inserting a small bundle of hog hair into the mouth to exorcise the evils of the mouth.