The ecological approach seems to connect many things that affect humans such as culture, natural resources and political economy and uses them to answers many health questions that anthropologists are looking to solve. I think it would be the most useful because it takes things that are as used in our everyday lives and are in our control, like culture, and relates it to things that may not be in our control such as the amount of natural resources that are available.
The distinction between disease and illness is just one is the actual documented sickness and the other is the mental perception of the other. It wasn’t as obvious to me just because i think that in my interactions with people talking about being sick there was never a staunch line and in fact most times illness and disease were used interchangeably.
The mouth-rite ritual – it is important because the Nacirema believe that not doing this can lead to loss of teeth, bleeding gums, and the desertion of friends or lovers. It is known to have a supernatural connection to the social relations you have with others.
Special Women ritual – during this ritual the women bake their heads, this is used to beautify the head and potentially attract male suitors.