I found an article called Anorexia nervosa as a Culture-Bound Syndrome by Leslie Swartz I chose this culture-bound syndrome because I actually was doing a paper on this topic in another class last week and brought up that I thought anorexia was a cultural disease So I found it quite interesting how the topic culture-bound syndrome came up again in this class. Anorexia nervosa is presently considered a Western culture-bound syndrome. A cultural focus on dieting and the idea of thinness for women is what is assumed to be implicated in the disorder (Swartz,2002). Based on research and data eating disorders have been on an increase in developed countries. In this article author Leslie Swartz talks about and argues that anorexia disorder can be understood in the context of one definition of culture-bound syndromes(Swartz, 2002). She backed her data up by contrasting two models of the cross-cultural study of psycho-pathology and outlined the models in order to contextualize the argument in a particular paradigm (Swartz, 2002).
The biological dimensions of the illness are all categorized under culture. The cultural dimensions of the illness were that the illness could be the media and society. These two things place major emphasis and form a certain viewpoint or “belief” on how an ideal person suppose to look. The individual dimensions of the illness could be that those who who have anorexia nervosa disorder seem to focus on dieting and idea of being thin. Studies shows that this individual dimension seemed to be more commonly found in Western women (Swartz, 2002).
Although there is no specific treatment that works better to cure anorexia there is three main areas that doctors like to adress. The three main areas are: Treat any psychological disorders related to the illness; attempt to restore the person to a healthy weight; and Reduce or eliminate any behaviors or thoughts that originally led to the disordered eating.
Swartz, Leslie , “Anorexia nervosa as a Culture-Bound Syndrome“, Social Science and Medicine: Volume 20, Issue 7, 1985, Pages 725–730, http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/0277953685900620