Culturally Bound Syndromes like mal de ojo in Hispanics show the far-reaching consequences that culture has on medicine. In “From Hippocrates to Adams County: Tracing Humoral Medicine in Literature and Practice,” the reception of Hispanic medical theory in Western culture is explored. Culturally, Hispanic medicine is rooted in humoral theory, and disease is rooted in the disturbance of one or more of the body’s four humors. The disturbance or imbalance is traditionally remedied using the hot/cold law of opposites. Mal de ojo, or the evil eye, is an illness transmitted through the eyes, carried through the air, and received through the eyes of the intended recipient. The affected individual believes that she has suffered an illness. The eye is given to a child that the instigator covets, and the strong feelings from the one that gives the eye “heat” the blood of the recipient. The symptoms of mal de ojo result from this heated blood, and are commonly medical problems such as vomiting, fever, diarrhea, and mental problems. The syndrome is most common in infants and children, but adults may also experience the symptoms resulting from mal de ojo. Treatment by western medicine currently involves understanding the illness in order to bridge the cultural gap. The common Hispanic treatment is to take the child to a folk healer for herbal remedies and ritual cures. A common remedy is to pass raw egg over the child to absorb negative energy, and then placing it in a bowl under the child’s pillow overnight. If the egg cooked overnight from the blood’s heat (a result of mal de ojo), then the child had the syndrome. Aranzeta concludes that employing literature as a cultural agent may alleviate barriers between the provider and patient in order to strengthen the relationship. By reading books to be educated, western medical providers can gain a greater depth of understanding of the Hispanic culture.
 de Aranzeta, Alexandria E. “From Hippocrates to Adams County: Tracing Humoral Medicine in Literature and Practice.” International Journal of Healthcare & Humanities. [2:2] 2008
 “Culture-bound syndromes, cultural variations, and psychopathology.” Handbook of multicultural mental health: Assessment and treatment of diverse populations (pp. 140-141). New York: Academic Press. 2000
 Carteret, Marcia. “Folk Illnesses and Remedies in Latino Communities.” Dimensions of Culture. 2011