Dhat syndrome is found in people in cultures in India, it is when males believe thy have premature ejaculation or that they are urinating out semen during urination and also having erectile dysfunctions. In a scholarly article, Dhat Syndrome as a Functional Somatic Syndrome: Developing a Sociosomatic Model, it says “Dhat syndrome is a widely recognized condition from the Indian subcontinent with fatigue and preoccupation with semen loss as the main presenting symptoms. This condition has been considered to be a culture-bound syndrome, but little is known about its illness characteristics and similarities with other conditions with medically unexplained symptoms.” Dhat syndrome is associated with anxiety and dysphoria in most cases.
Dhat syndrome is not really biological because it is not something that is passed down through genes or something that is hereditary. Dhat syndrome is something that is culturally stricken. Most of the time, dhat syndrome is a state of mind that they experience when going through anxiety. Indian men believe that they could be passing semen while urinating because of an old Hindu belief about blood. On an individual level, dhat syndrome could occur from a male masturbating excessively then feeling guilty for it which could cause anxiety.
Dhat syndrome is considered to be a functional somatic syndrome. It is in the mind of the individual. According to Dhat Syndrome as a Functional Somatic Syndrome: Developing a Sociosomatic Model, “recent models of functional somatic syndromes combine the perception of physical symptoms, the past illness experience, emotional factors, the ensuing disability as being reinforced by the reaction of others, reassurance, and iatrogenic factors.” The sociosomatic model described in Dhat Syndrome as a Functional Somatic Syndrome: Developing a Sociosomatic Model says that“stressful situations lead to an emotionally aroused state, which leads to amplification of normal physiological phenomena. ” So typically, treatment for dhat syndrome is cognitive behavioral therapy, counseling, and anti-anxiety or anti-depressant medications.
Gopinath Ranjith, Mohan Rajesh. “Dhat Syndrome as a Functional Somatic Syndrome: Developing a Sociosomatic Model.” 2006.