This article talks about how obesity in the Unites States has become a culture bound syndrome. It starts of saying what a culture bound syndrome could be compared to or described as, being a disease or symptoms that are only present in certain cultures, being western, Asian, or African. They state that biomedicine is often used as the basis of comparison for any disease or symptoms that any person may come in with. But with the culture bound syndromes the biomedicine does not truly classify the syndrome because of the confusion by biomedicine on the biological data. But with today’s increase in obesity in the United States but not in many other places in the world, it can be classified as a culture bound syndrome.
The increase in obesity in the United States is mainly caused by the increase in consumption in fatty foods, i.e. fast food, donuts, bacon etc… Which was in turn caused by an economic turn, less people are able to pay the larger amounts of money for healthier food, and so more people have to turn to fast food to feed themselves and their families. It also is caused by an increase in advertisement and use by other people so that it has become a cultural norm that people eat unhealthily.
The main sector that it is being described in is the professional sector. This is because the main form of medicine in western society is the professional sector, which uses biomedicine to search for cures for disease and helps to figure out the causes of diseases starting with the biological reasons and then moving into the cultural causes of said biological ailments. Western society does not use folk or family sectors for the majority of medical cases, they are mainly used in secondary medical institutes like psychologists, chiropractors, and physical therapists.
Ritenbaugh, Cheryl. “Obesity as a culture-bound syndrome..” . http://www-ncbi-nlm-nih-gov.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/pubmed/%207160198 (accessed July 18, 2014).