This scholarly article talks about the less precise “Fold illness” that has implied that an illness or syndrome will exists only in certain and other cultures. The paper provides a four- part definition to permit examination and comparison of disease categories in a system, including biomedicine. Mid to moderate obesity fits the proposed definition of a culture-bound syndrome.
Biologically this illness has genetic factors that can account for 70%-80% of obesity cases. Leptin plays a huge role for fats. Leptin is a hormone that fat cells release and plays a large role in insulin resistance and fat storage in the body but has an unclear job according to obesity. What is most likely happening is that when leptin levels rise it causes the cells to store more fat. falling levels of leptin will make you hungry and people with genetically lower levels of lipton will always be hungry which then leads to obesity. Culturally in the United States being obese is almost a norm. This nation is known for its fast food restaurants and unhealthy appetites. Individually we can cut the fatty foods, exercise, and lead healthful lives but we are stubborn and will always chose the easy way out unless pushed to do otherwise. With being obese we seem to put the blame on others like our parents or employers etc. who have no impact on how you eat once you reach a certain age.
Obesity is being monitored and fought vigorously. Many individuals resort to invasive surgeries that can result in complications to lead a more healthful life. Diet and weight loss programs are popping up left and right also. Much research is going into obesity and how it can be prevented but the underlying way to prevent it is to eat in moderation. Carry out healthy activities regularly. You shouldn’t have to rely on medication to get you through the day when you put this illness on yourself.
Cheryl Ritenbaugh. “Obesity as a Culture- Bound Syndrome.” Kluwer Academic Publishers: 347-361. Accessed July 17, 2014. http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00118882