I read both an article (A Doctor for Disease, a Shaman for the Soul) and a slideshow (Welcoming Shamans) about introducing a Shaman into a hospital in California in order to help heal patients. These healers are called Shamans and they are used in the hospitals and in homes to perform ceremonies for Hmong people to help heal. There was not really a specific social status noted of a Shaman but they are highly valued to Hmong people because they are healers of the soul. They use various techniques that I do not completely grasp but they use ceremonies to ward away bad spirits that could harm the souls of people who are sick or newborn babies. They use various elements in their ceremonies like animals to sacrifice to the spirits and specific pieces of paper to burn that represent the bad spirits. They interact with very directly with their patients by being right in the room with them to perform these ceremonies. The families of these people are also present for the whole thing. They do not, however, seem to actually touch the patient at all. They are interacting more with the spirits that are affecting the sick person and that person’s soul than the actual person and their body like most styles of western medicine would. The culture they operate in is the Hmong culture which is considered an Asian ethnic group that comes from China. This is being used with these people in California hospitals though because of new California laws put in place to encourage these types of things. Like I said, the symptoms and sickness are not treated by directly treating the patient’s body or mind with medication or surgery like western medicine would. The treatment is of the person’s soul and the spirits are contacted and taken care of through the ceremonies performed by the Shaman who is brought in.