The article “Clown Doctors: Healers of Western Medicine” shows how clowns resemble shamans and traditional healers. Clowns are used in several hospitals across New York Cit. The Big Apple Circus Clown Care Unit works hand and hand with medial physicians providing entertainment for children and families. The “treatment” the clowns use is similar to non- western societies. The clowns are seen has the healers using suggestions and manipulation of medical symbols, enforcing the placebo effect on patients effect on patients. When the clowns dress as doctors and use fake hospital equipment to joke around with the children it lowers the fear factor of the actual doctors and procedures they have to get done. They make the hospital environment a more upbeat friendly place for the hospital stuff, family embers, and patients. These clowns are professional clowns that have graduated from clown school. They usually work in groups of two or three when working in the hospitals. They can entertain waiting rooms with distressed parents and siblings, distract a sick child right before they have a scary medical procedure done and just lift the spirits of the hospital staff. All these task make for a better run hospital. Although integrating clown therapy into western culture is a fairly new idea, it is common in Native American Cultures. The Pueblos have the best developed institutionalized clowning, they are known for being one of the four groups of clown societies. Medical anthropologists have compared Western and non- Western medical systems and classified non- western medical systems into two different categories; Pesonalistic and naturalistic. While in Western culture medical treatment that directly treats the body is most common. Some say that bio-medicine does not pay attention to the whole person and studies have shown that more alternative car is in demand. Having the clowns work with the doctors helps increase patients healing as a whole person, not just physically.