The article I chose to study had to do with how Depression effects American Morality. Previous studies have indicated inconsistent results on how depression effects morality. In order to get this done these researchers examined both the diagnosis of depression at hospital admission and past documented cases of depression. medical impatience aged 65 and older were brought to two Montreal hospitals and were tested for depression. All those who tested positive for depression and also a random sample of non-depressed patients were given the option to participate. The data collected had to do with a few key health characteristics. Some being severity of depression, history of depression, severity of physical illness, and health service utilization. Then these participants survival was studied for a 16-52 week follow up period. The results from the study indicated that only those with both current major depression and those with a history of depression had a morality that was lower and significantly different than all of the other patient groups. Therefore those with no depression and no history of depression seemed to have an overall higher morality. This really emphasizes the impact that depression can have on the health of an individual and how this disease should be treated as a serious mental illness, which demands treatment.
There is both biological, cultural, and individual dimensions of the illness. The biological dimensions of the illness depend on whether depression runs in the family. Some say that mental illness, including the mental illness of depression can run inside a family and be passed from one generation to the next. Currently some doctors say they have found a gene that can be linked to depression. They say 40% of those diagnosed with depression carry the link known as 3p25-26. They say that those who have a sibling or parent diagnosed with depression are up to three times more likely to be diagnosed too with depression. The cultural dimensions have to deal with how some cultural seem to treat or value individuals. Cultures high in respect of others have lower rates of depression, where as the United States where many cultures idolize the ideal of beauty, and having a very slender bodily shape suffer with high rates of depression, thought to be linked to many being unhappy with themselves and their lives if they do not fit this mold of what is “beauty”. The illness also has individual dimensions that can be based on ones own individual personality. Naturally some people are more likely to internalize their problems and take all criticism to heart, and people pleasers, these people are more prone to depression steaming from a low self esteem.
Depression can be evaluated through a series of questions that allow a medical expert to evaluate the mental state of an individual. This disease can be treated by both medicine and the therapy. The medical aspect of treatment includes the prescribing of anti-depressive medications, which work to increase often serotonins levels and block serotonin re-uptake. The therapy aspect of treatment deals with those seeking treatment from through therapy performed by either a therapist or psychologist. The most effective way to treatment is said to be a mixture of both medicine and therapy. However, some cultures choose to treat depression as a disease while others seem to think much less of it and do not treat is as seriously. This is often due to a lack of understanding of depression. Here in the United States depression is thought of as a form of mental illness that demands treatment.
McCusker, Jane, Eric Latimer, Antonio Ciampi , and Martin Cole . “Does Depression in Older Medical Inpatients Predict Morality? .” The Journals of Gerontology : 975-81. (accessed ).
Faris , Stephanie . “Is Depression Genetic?.” Is Depression Genetic or Environmental?. http://www.healthline.com/health/depression/genetic (accessed July 18, 2014).