The term biomedicine is used to explain health in terms of biology. It is important because it focuses on the learning of body structures or anatomy, and of body systems or physiology in order to treat diseases and stay healthy. The three main ways that we have studied biomedicine are as follows: institutional history, language, and ritual. The institutional history is how biomedicine came into power and how biological models change over time. Language refers to how social values are reconceptualized as scientific. Finally, the rituals have to do with investigating the normal daily lives of patients and medical professionals to look at the rituals of biomedicine.
My own personal view of dichotomy is the difference or division between two groups or something of contradictory qualities. It is not just the difference between groups of people, but it can be categorical such as life and death. I don’t know where dichotomy came from, but probably because of the contrast between the whole that needed to be divided into two separate parts.
The dichotomy I chose to analyze is male/female. An assumption in biomedicine is that there is a natural division between males and females, regardless of the culture. Culture definitely plays a role because some cultures have three different gender groups and some don’t recognize gender at all. Within the dichotomy of male/female, there are two differences between males and female, which are sex and gender. These two are the reason that the male/female dichotomy is accepted as natural or true in Western society. Sex is something that is biologically fixed and is something that we cannot change, we are born with it. On the other hand, gender is the role we play in society. For example, if you are a female, you generally have longer hair, wear different clothing, act differently, and are more passive than males. These are just some common sense examples that Western society accepts as the dichotomy between males and females.