Malaria is a disease that most greatly effects people in tropical regions of Africa. It is a mosquito-borne illness caused by a parasite. It can be treated but without proper care, the affected person can experience complications and die. The Center for Disease Control reports that in 2010 there were about 219 million cases of malaria worldwide and 660,000 people died from the disease. About 90% of these cases were in the African region and rates were reportedly the highest in the country of Uganda. One of the biggest issues with the statistics on this disease that the World Health Organization and the CDC reports is that it is likely that many cases of Malaria go unreported, and untreated. The areas that are most highly affected have poor living conditions and these people rarely have any access to healthcare.
This can be considered a global health issue because it affects so many people every day. It is very treatable with proper care, but thousands die from it every year. The culture of these African people that are greatly affected by this disease, does not excel in medical care to treat the infected peoples. They also do not have the access because most of these countries are considered third world countries and are in extreme poverty, according to Western standards.
There are several organizations and groups that are trying to subdue this huge issue in these African countries. The CDC and the WHO both have portions of their websites devoted to Malaria including information and prevention. One of the first things that came up when I googled the disease was World Malaria Day that is focused on education about the disease and prevention in the affected areas of the world. The group (RED) focuses mostly on HIV/AIDS prevention, but they also use their commercial sponsors such as Coke, Bank of America, Starbucks, etc. to donate to the Malaria cause as well.
Since this is a disease that affects such a large number of people, it was much easier to find groups and organizations dedicated to the cause, rather than a specific anthropologist. However, a woman named Caroline O.H. Jones wrote the article below with a colleague on the social effects of Malaria on communities in Africa.
“Malaria.” WHO- Malaria. January 1, 2014. Accessed August 5, 2014. http://www.who.int/malaria/en/.
“Malaria.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. July 10, 2014. Accessed August 5, 2014. http://www.cdc.gov/malaria/.