Ebola in Guinea

The Ebola is a virus that was formerly known as Ebola haemorrhagic  fever that is very fatal in human beings, 30-90% fatal to be exact. This virus has unpatterned periodic outbreaks usually in Central and West Africa, usually villages around the tropics. This disease was first discovered in 1976 with two simultaneous outbreaks in Sudan and Congo. The outbreak in Congo was in a village located near the Ebola River which is where the disease got its name from. Ebola is transmitted from wild animals (like monkeys, chimpanzees, antelopes, and porcupines) to humans.These animals form a huge part of the protein diet of people in Africa. Coming from Ghana myself I can attest the the popularity of what we call “wild meat”. Game hunting and farming is a dominant profession in West Africa. The virus can then be transmitted among humans through body fluids ( blood, secretions…etc).  Ebola is characterized by a sudden onset of fever, intense weakness, muscle pain and headaches. As the disease progresses symptoms include  vomitting, rash and impaired liver and lung function. In extreme cases internal bleeding occurs.

There has been a recent outbreak of Ebola in some West Africa. There are a suspected 1711  cases and 932 deaths. This has prompted a level 3 warning which means the CDC has issued a warning stating that individuals should avoid unnecessary travel to the affected countries, Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia. There is no known cure for Ebola as of yet so all efforts are going towards isolating known cases and preventing further transmission. Researchers working in Guinea are working to identify the origin of the outbreak and how it spread so they can have an idea as to how to contain it. They are also working to identify what strains oaf the virus are causing the most harm and hopefully, finally engineer a cure or a vaccination at the least.

http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/NEJMoa1404505#t=articleTop

World Health Organization: Ebola virus disease. April 2014

Center for disease control and prevention

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