Diabetes In Mexico

 

Diabetes is a classified as a metabolism disorder. An individual can became unable to react to insulin (insulin resistant) or cell within the body will be unable to uptake glucose that will cause a larger surplus of glucose in the blood stream. Leading to frequent eating, drinking, and can cause many neurological problems. “More than 6 million Mexicans have been diagnosed with diabetes in the last two years, and several thousands others will do the same. In Mexico there are almost 50 million overweight adults — 44 percent of the total population — and these are the people who are most at risk, according to the Mexican National Survey on Health and Nutrition from 2012” (Mallen). Meaning that this is becoming a huge issue for residents in Mexico many people are becoming obese and these traits are being passed on to their children but there has been a severe lack of government health intervention.”that predispose Mexicans to type 2 diabetes are compounded by an inadequate preventive health care system. At the prenatal care at primary health care clinics in Tijuana, tests of glucose tolerance are rarely conducted. Only 3% of the women at the Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social (IMSS) and none of the women seen at the uninsured clinics, Instituto de Servicios de Salud (ISESALUD), had a 50-g glucose load test. In addition, only 45% of the women at IMSS and 23% of the women at ISESALUD had two fasting blood glucose tests. Greater awareness of the diabetes epidemic in Mexico will eventually raise the critical question of how the cost of its treatment will be met in this country. The public health care system in Mexico provides services for insured and uninsured population, and those who are uninsured might received care from the “oportunidades” (OP) and the “seguro popular” (SP) programs. The OP program covers 15–10% of the population, i.e., the extremely poor, and provide some primary care services including drugs for diabetes and hypertension. The SP was expected to cover 500,000 families by the end of 2003, but by 2010 it will be expected to cover 45 million Mexicans. Therefore, by the end of 2003, 43 million people would have to pay for drugs and for most of their health care services. Furthermore, monitoring supplies and syringes are not provided by the public health care system”(Jimenez).

I found an article not precisely on the diabetes on working in Mexico but anthropologist working with finding scholy articels that deal with  rural communities and indigenous people to link the correlation of stress and diabetes. They want to identify the social factors that lead to stress that in turn cause a lifestyle that may cause one to suffer from diabetes. They found that “Four different concepts of stress were identified: physiological, psychological, psychosocial and nutritional stress. Unlike physiological and nutritional theories of diabetes, psychological and psychosocial theories of stress and disease lack etiological specificity. No study addressed all four concepts of stress and few studies addressed more than two concepts. Most studies concerned nutritional stress and the developmental origins of diabetes. Most studies were conducted on the Pima Indians of Arizona and Mexico. All four stress concepts have some evidence as determinants of diabetes”(Ely).

Link:ww.rrh.org.au/articles/subviewnew.asp?ArticleID=1758

Sources:

1) Ely JJ, Zavaskis T, Wilson SL.  Diabetes and stress: an anthropological review for study of modernizing populations in the US-Mexico border region. Rural and Remote Health 11: 1758. (Online) 2011. Available: http:ww.rrh.org.au/articles/subviewnew.asp?ArticleID=1758

2) Jimenez Arturo, MD, PHD, Bacardi Montserrat, MD, “The Fattenign Burden of Type 2 Diabetes on Mexicans, Projections from Early Growth To Adulthood”(online)10.2337/diacare.27.5.1213 Diabetes Care May 2004 vol. 27 no. 5 1213-1215 Link: http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/27/5/1213.full

3)Mallen Patricia, “Diabetes affects almost 50% of Mexicans, Cost the government 44billion a year” on February 28 2014 5:25 AM International Business Times, Online, Link: http://www.ibtimes.com/diabetes-affects-almost-50-percent-mexicans-costs-government-44b-year-1558429

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