HIV and AIDS is a major problem for people who live in Africa. Africans account for 70 percent of people in the world who are living with HIV or dying of AIDS, which is an alarmingly high percentage. The prevalence of HIV and AIDs is also much more common in South Africa than the rest of the country. 5 percent of adults are infected with HIV in South Africa compared to only .5 percent in North Africa. There are several hypothesis about how the disease began in Africa. Some say it started from diet and eating wild animals. Other people believe that animals transferred the disease to humans. The government is becoming more and more active in solving the problem of HIV/AIDS. They have implemented an ABC program which stands for, “Abstinence, Be faithful, and Condom use.” The more knowledge that the people of Africa have about the disease, the less likely they do the things that lead to infection. However, a lack of funding and the economic status of the country makes it harder to fight the disease. Not as much research can be done and not as many medical treatments and medicines can be given.
The article I found not only talks about a general anthropology approach to HIV/AIDS but also has devoted a section to the problem particularly in Southern Africa. The article discusses how poverty became a major issue in Africa and how it has effected the people living there. Poverty has led women to become involved in multiple sexual relationships in order to receive money and be more financially stable to support her family. It is also very common that married people still have sexual relations with other people without practicing safe sex and that increases the spread of HIV. Also, third world countries are more susceptible to develop and transmit diseases due to poor nutrition, living conditions, and by the use of drugs.
Morgenstern, Michael. “AIDS in Africa.” Medwiser. Accessed: August 8, 2014. http://www.medwiser.org/hiv-aids/around-the-world/aids-in-africa/
Yamada, Seiji. “An Anthropological Examination of the HIV/Aids Epidemic.” Pacific Health Dialog 6, no. 2 (1999): 310-316. http://www.pacifichealthdialog.org.fj/Volume%206/No2%20Health%20of%20Tongans%20and%20other%20Pacificans/Viewpoints%20and%20Perspectives/ANANTH%202.PDF