HIV/ AIDS in Africa is not an uncommon combination. AIDS in African countries has always been a growing problem. Sub- Saharan Africa holds the worlds worst HIV and AIDS epidemic. In 2012 roughly 25 million people were living with HIV. In the same year there were about 1.2 million deaths. Many scientists think that HIV/ AIDS came from another species such as the chimp or a species of this type and crossed the species barrier. To the U.S. the illness was not prevalent until the late 1980s when cases started to arise in California in the gay communities when men started suffering from common symptoms. In Africa it is ideal to have an abundance of children. This is because many children die at young ages in these countries and also for laboring purposes. To have many children the parents need to have a lot of sex. HIV/AIDS is sexually transmitted but it is within their culture to have many children. The government and other organizations are trying to help these communities. Some have sent in clinicians and medical teams to help treat these individuals and some have sent in educational programs. these programs have failed many times.
The medical journal I found was titled “Sexuality, Power, and Culture in HIV/AIDS Research”. It examined the development of anthropological research in response to AIDS. During the beginning of the epidemic researchers focused on behavioral correlations with HIV infections among patients. They failed to examine social and cultural factors. by the 1980s and 90s the emphasis of cultural analysis along with structural factors relating to the vulnerability to HIV infections. A lot of the current research is going into merging both cultural and structural concerns in providing a more individualistic research approach.
“Origin of AIDS/HIV”, Accessed July 8, 2014. http://www.avert.org/origin-hiv-aids.htm
Richard Parker, “Sexuality, Power, and Culture in HIV/AIDS Research”, Annual Reviews: Date Accessed July 8, 2014. http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/3069213?uid=3739808&uid=2&uid=4&uid=3739256&sid=21104571323003