Infant mortality is defined as death of a baby before their first birthday. It is estimated have been the number of infant deaths for every 1,000 lives births. This is very sad that many people in China had high infant mortality rates because they are only allowed one to two children at a time. Which is one-child policy, it was a population control policy of Peoples Republic of China, that decided to put this into effect. Which I believe why the infant mortality rate was higher than normal. Rural families could have a second child if the first child was a female or disabled. Similar, to certain families were neither of the parents have siblings. Based on the index.mundi since 2000 the rate of infant mortaility has decreased by 13.3% by 2012. China is now ranked 108 in the World Factbook out of 224 countries.
The origins date back to the 1990 to about 2008. The person who facilitate this was the child health epimediology group along with the Perkins University that searched many of databases to see were available to the public. They detailed that the leading cause of death was pneumonia, birth asphyxia and birth complications which was contributing to about 10% and of child deaths. This is sad, because culturally there is a difference in mortailty rates in urban residents that rural areas. This is because many of the urban residents have better health care access so treatment is better.
According to anthroplogist Igar Rudan the infant mortality rate was at a high in 2008 based behalf on World Health Organization. During his research it dropped signifcantly. His discovery showed that the health issue is due to government, which still needs to be discussed in further detail, in a future study. The Chinese governement even states that ineuqity has been in progress since 2003 to put a health care insurance system to help the less fortunate acquire basic needs. However, more recently I think that China’s governement has improved their healthcare quality because the decrease each year shows that many babies are living longer lives.
“One-Child Policy” accessed August 4, 2014 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/One-child_policy
“Index. Mundi” accessed August 4, 2014 http://www.indexmundi.com/
“The World Factbook” accessed August 4, 2014 https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2091rank.html
“Causes of death of children younger than 5 years in China 2008” accessed August 4, 2014 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20346815