Infant Mortality in China

Infant mortality is defined as death of a baby before their first birthday. It is estimated have been the number of infant deaths for every 1,000 lives births. This is very sad that many people in China had high infant mortality rates because they are only allowed one to two children at a time. Which is one-child policy, it was a population control policy of Peoples Republic of China, that decided to put this into effect. Which I believe why the infant mortality rate was higher than normal. Rural families could have a second child if the first child was a female or disabled. Similar, to certain families were neither of the parents have siblings. Based on the index.mundi since 2000 the rate of infant mortaility has decreased by 13.3% by 2012. China is now ranked 108 in the World Factbook out of 224 countries.

The origins date back to the 1990 to about 2008. The person who facilitate this was the child health epimediology group along with the Perkins University that searched many of databases to see were available to the public. They detailed that the leading cause of death was pneumonia, birth asphyxia and birth complications which was contributing to about 10% and of child deaths. This is sad, because culturally there is a difference in mortailty rates in urban residents that rural areas. This is because many of the urban residents have better health care access so treatment is better.

According to anthroplogist Igar Rudan the infant mortality rate was at a high in 2008 based behalf on World Health Organization. During his research it dropped signifcantly. His discovery showed that the health issue is due to government, which still needs to be discussed in further detail, in a future study. The Chinese governement even states that ineuqity has been in progress since 2003 to put a health care insurance system to help the less fortunate acquire basic needs. However, more recently I think that China’s governement has improved their healthcare quality because the decrease each year shows that many babies are living longer lives.

“One-Child Policy” accessed August 4, 2014 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/One-child_policy
“Index. Mundi” accessed August 4, 2014 http://www.indexmundi.com/
“The World Factbook” accessed August 4, 2014 https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/rankorder/2091rank.html
“Causes of death of children younger than 5 years in China 2008” accessed August 4, 2014 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20346815

This Post Has 1 Comment

  1. Ashley Webb says:

    The anthropologist, Igor Rudan, took a statistical approach of observing infant mortality rates in China. He observed the rates of deaths by looking at specific age groups, causes of death, and areas/provinces in China. By doing this, he was able to conclude the infant mortality rate has been dropping and he was able to conclude the main causes of death. Through these conclusions Rudan was able to bring more attention to the problem of infant mortality in China. From the lecture video, globalization can allow people to communicate ideas about healing across great distances and can introduce new forms of medical knowledge and technologies into local communities that need them. By bringing more attention to the problem of infant mortality within China, Igor Rudan allows for more communication about ideas on how to rectify the problem. Looking at the macro level problem of the infant mortality rate and the education of the problem then permits other medical anthropologists to observe the more micro level problems and can then lead to the reduction of the infant mortality rate. The blog post states, “His efforts prove that infant mortality in China is mainly a government health issue that needs to be confronted to a greater extent.” Placing blame on the government can make the government want to improve their conditions within hospitals in rural areas, which can ultimately have a direct effect on this global crisis.

Leave a Reply