I think the ethnomedical approach would be very important to use and understand when studying health. Studying the different healing practices of cultures and comparing their efficacy on the symptoms, this approach would aim to improve the treatment of various diseases and illnesses in a way the culture would accept. Knowing the medical system of a society, and how and when they treat diseases is vital to understanding how a culture maintains health and treats illness.
The distinction I believe they were trying to make between disease and illness is that disease is a visible condition, whether it is an infection or that it causes some sort of physical dysfunction. They were describing illness more as a personal perception of someone’s health. Disease seems to have a narrower definition, while illness is whatever a person thinks and feels that it means regarding their health, in the context of their culture and society.
I didn’t catch on to what culture Miner was describing until I noticed the question in the prompt that mentioned I was supposed to figure it out, and then read through the article again. While typing this out now I just realized what Nacimera spells backwards. One ritual described in the article is the medicine cabinet and the process of obtaining prescription medications. The doctor is said to write an ingredient list for a curative potion, but in a language that only the doctor and the pharmacist will understand, and that they only give the potion for fees given to the both of them. The Nacimera aren’t usually told what are in the “potions,” yet they take them anyway without thinking. Also, it shows that to get cured, you need money, so what happens when you are poor is that you won’t be treated. Another ritual in the article regarding the latipso is that while in main culture secrecy of natural bodily function is so great, but in the hospital there is little privacy.