Malaria is a preventable and curable disease that is caused by parasites. The parasites enter the body through the bite of an infected mosquito. Transmission of malaria depends on many environmental factors including climate conditions which effect survival and number of mosquitos that carry the parasite. Young children, pregnant women, and travelers are most at risk for contracting malaria in areas of high transmission because they do not have immunity or is diminished.
Vector control is the most prevalent way of reducing malaria transmission. This is done through the use of insecticide mosquito nets. The World Health Organization has what it calls the Global Malaria Programme (GMP). They do many things but some of their responsibilities include: “setting, communicating and promoting the adoption of evidence-based norms, standards, policies, technical strategies, and guidelines keeping independent score of global progress; developing approaches for capacity building, systems strengthening, and surveillance; identifying threats to malaria control and elimination as well as new areas for action.”
The article I chose is about malaria in Tanzania where it is believed that it is the result of supernatural forces. They refer to the affliction as degedege. Prevention and intervention efforts therefore can be greatly helped when the beliefs and customs of the local populations are known and understood by policy makers and healthcare professionals. This article sought to measure the knowledge of participants about malaria and what efforts they take to prevent the disease. They found that the local people were most likely to seek treatment by a traditional healer because they saw the disease as its own entity and that could be why preventative actions were not taken
Spjeldnaes, Astrid and Kitua, Andrew. “Education and knowledge helps combating malaria, but not degedege: a cross-sectional study in Rufiji, Tanzania.” Malaria Journal, 2014.
World Health Organization. “Malaria.” Reviewed April 2015. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs094/en/