Diabetes is a group of diseases that results in elevated blood sugar content above the normal. This can be a result of the body not being able to convert sugar into stored forms via the inability to regulate or produce enzymes needed to convert the sugars. In the United States Type 2 diabetes is becoming more and more prevalent almost to epidemic levels. In the United States this rise in occurrence of type 2 diabetes can be related to social and cultural factors of American society. Culturally the food we eat in the United States is very high in sugar and fat content, causing elevated blood glucose levels and obesity, which is also a contributing factor to diabetes. Socially American society is a relatively low exercise society. Social activities involve sitting around and eating and drinking, like at sporting events or movie theaters, rather than being active and going for walks or playing outdoor games.
In an article I found titled “Diabetes in the US: a social epidemic” Peter Daniels discusses the impact of diabetes on American society. Daniels states that an estimated 41 million Americans have the pre-diabetic condition of elevated blood sugar, putting them at risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Daniels compares the rates of diabetes in different areas across the country and in comparison to the past. In New York, Daniels states that there are an estimated 800,000 people with diabetes, or one in eight of the adult population. This is significantly higher than in other areas of the country. He also states that the rate of increase in New York is nearly double that of the rest of the country. In addition rates of diabetes today are much higher than a few decades ago. Daniels attributes this partially to increased wealth of the country. Increase in wealth combined with the availability of cheap high fat and high sugar food has lead to an increased consumption of fats and sugars that our bodies have not seen in the past and are unable to deal with.
Daniels, Peter. “Diabetes in the US: a social epidemic.” International Committee of the Fourth International. https://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2006/01/diab-j30.html.