The global HIV/AIDS epidemic affects many people worldwide and specifically is a large problem in Sub-Saharan Africa. According to the World Health organization, “Sub-Saharan Africa is the most affected region with 25.8 million people living with HIV in 2014.” It also accounts for 70 percent of the global total of new HIV infections. Most children that are infected are by their HIV positive mothers during pregnancy or breast-feeding. The HIV/AIDS epidemic impacts not only those who carry the disease but also their communities both socially and economically. Many of these areas are affected by many other infectious diseases as well as food scarcity. It also impacts the ability of these areas to grow economically. There have been advancements in understanding of the disease s well as its’ transmission and treatment, despite the lack of cure for the disease. Government and health organizations have made efforts to fight the epidemic and further understand it. However many areas effected still do not have access to adequate treatment, prevention, or care. In Brodie Ramin’s article Anthropology Speaks to Medicine: the case of HIV/AIDS in Africa, he examines the impact that the anthropological approach has on evaluating this major problem. He observed that the sexual behaviors associated with sub-Saharan society, influences the epidemic and spread of HIV/AIDS. African women are often forced into sex trade or sexual interactions with older men for favors due to their socioeconomic status. Government instability and political violence also leads to little government or health organization interference. Thus, furthering the cycle and spread of the disease.
W6 Activity: HIV/AIDS in sub-Saharan Africa
Ramin, Brodie. “Anthropology Speaks to Medicine: The Case HIV/AIDS in Africa.”McGill Journal of Medicine, July 2007, 127-32. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2323482/.
“Global Statistics.” Global Statistics. Accessed August 12, 2016. https://www.aids.gov/hiv-aids-basics/hiv-aids-101/global-statistics/.
“HIV/AIDS.” World Health Organization. Accessed August 12, 2016. http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs360/en/.