I will be focusing on Neanderthals and how paleontologists study them in order for us to better understand our history. Some evolutionists have claimed that Neanderthals were incapable of modern speech, lacking the ability to produce the full range of vowels with flat non-flexing at the base of the skull, and the larynx positioned higher in the throat than in modern humans or even chimpanzees. The result of this computer reconstruction was that the resonating chamber at the back of the mouth was all but eliminated. It is unbelievable to know that scientists can use computer reconstruction to dissect the wonders of the neanderthal body. So that was a bit about the language I researched and now ill be talking about the brains. A Neanderthal brain volume equals or exceeds modern human dimensions ranging from about 1200-1750 ml, and thus on the average about 100 ml larger than modern humans. I believe the Neanderthal brain was fully Homo, with no essential differences in its organization compared to our own. Although there is no direct correlation between brain size and intelligence, Neanderthal brain volume certainly does not support views that argue for an evolutionary expansion of Hominid brains. It so incredible the size of their brains back then and the evidence doesn’t support that just because they have a larger volume it means they are smarter, but they sure did a lot to help them survive and fend for themselves from hunting, living, scavenging, building, and mating. Neanderthal anatomy is essentially human in scope, with the same number of bones as humans, which function in the same manner. However, there are minor differences in thickness and strength. These differences can be found on an individual basis in modern living populations. Although there is no formal agreement of which physical characteristics are diagnostic of Neanderthal morphology, a suite of traits have been used to distinguish Neanderthal morphology. It is crazy to think that we have the same amount of bones and the minor difference in robusticity of course but they look way stronger than we are as homo sapiens. For example I lift weights and am a pretty big and strong guy I would like to think but I think I would lose in a fight everytime because of their brute strength. I think they could even take an NFL player in a fight. In addition, Neanderthals lived a life style that put rigorous demands on their bodies as seen from numerous skeletal lesions, many the result of traumatic bone breakage. Further, it has recently been suggested, based on intense dental study, that Neanderthals may have had a greater longevity than modern populations. This may have also affected their anatomy. It is just science the physical demands that they had to do everyday in order to maintain a functional life were way more extreme than we have nowadays and in turn makes them a race of pure athleticism. I wonder if they had sports because that would be one of the most entertaining things to watch.