Stem Cell Controversy
Human Embryonic stem cell research has been a major disputed history among many different social, political, religious and cultural groups ever since they were created in 1998 by Jame Thomson and Jeffery Jones in hopes of making new medicine and utilizing them for transplants. The article, that I read, by The Michigan Daily called, “University embryonic stem cell research sees continued growth.” Discusses the difference between adult stem cells, which are a type of stem cell that has already formed into the specific cell it is to become, and embryonic stem cells, which are cells taken from an embryo before they form into a specific functioning cell. The article also goes into the research of Gary Smith who is “the director of the MStem Cell Laboratories” (John 2016) and how his lab creates embryonic stem cell lines which can be used for research, by any laboratory, in order to help create treatments for a wide array of health complications and operations. This research has been conducted since 2008, even with heavy restrictions by President Bush, due to the Michigan Stem Cell Amendment. This amendment also known as Proposal 2, was passed by the state allowing human embryonic stem cell research as long as regulations as to where the embryo came from were met. Human embryonic research continues to grow today largely due to President Barrack Obama signing an executive order which lifted the restrictions put in place by George Bush.
Human embryonic stem cell research, is still a very controversial subject with the majority of religions refusing to fully accept it as ethical. The hardest stance against the subject is held by the Catholics, Baptists, and Methodist, who do not support human embryonic stem cell research as they view it as harmful to human life, or an impedance to human life. Religions such as Islam view embryonic stem cell research from a different perspective, accepting research the controversial research as long as it saves the life of another as stated in the Qu’ran. With so many different religions with varying opposing views the effect can be seen globally in terms of the regions in Europe, the U.S. and Asia that accept or deny the research. In Europe for example Ireland bans embryonic stem cells which is likely due to the primarily Catholic dominance in the country.
Children’s Hospital. (n.d.). History of Stem cell Research – a Timeline. Retrieved July 10, 2016, from http://stemcell.childrenshospital.org/about-stem-cells/history
John, A. S. (2016, February 24). University embryonic stem cell research sees continued growth. Retrieved July 10, 2016, from https://www.michigandaily.com/section/news/stem-cell-research-advancements-university
Stem cell controversy. (n.d.). Retrieved July 10, 2016, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stem_cell_controversy