Globalization can be best defined as, the international connectivity formed over the last 50 years from the movement of culture, resources, and information over national borders. Simply put globalization is the product of large scale human inter connectivity and sharing, spanning different borders, culture groups, and ideologies to create the unified world we live in today.
Three positive effects of globalization are the increased density of networks, increased democracy, and increased health and education standards worldwide. The increased density of networks allowing people to pass along information, ideas, and discoveries from many different places has created two major positive side effects of globalization, improved research and access to technology. Research has greatly improved with globalization as scientist from all over the world can collaborate over the internet instead of having to travel far distances to retrieve information. This also pertains to the flow of technology, the effects of globalization have created the proper networks for technological advances to spread to parts of the world with the available resources to implement them. Increased democracy can be seen as the positive side effect of globalization that gives more people more power. The increasing amount of democracy worldwide is because of the spread of political ideologies, through global human interaction, due to the expansion of technology, over the years, that facilitates communication such as the internet, TV, and phone. Health and education improvements in light of globalization relate to both the increasing density of networks and technological advances. The internet has allowed for people to access vast amounts of information to educate themselves. Areas with a lack of literate elders can now turn to internet and TV programs to educate the youth in the community. This ability to access large amounts of information online has also created health improvements as technologically literate people can access information regarding health that may otherwise be unknown. The spread of information on disease and illness can stop out breaks from re-occurring in different areas as the information from the prior experience is documented and shared with globalization.
Three negative effects of globalization are the uneven distribution of wealth, loss of cultural traditions and values, and the destruction of local business. The uneven distribution of wealth is due to the non universal nature of globalization. Globalization has caused for wealth to be based on peoples ability to access information. Areas with modern technology and literacy are more wealthy than areas who do not have access to modern communication methods. The capitalistic nature of globalization pushes more money into the large international corporations, creating a divide in wealth for different areas as some countries contain more international corporations than others. The loss of cultural traditions and values such as language, family structure, and ceremonies is a negative side effect of globalization caused by the spread of cultural information and rights, internationally, primarily siding with the western way of life. Power groups in the world have a major influence on globalization, therefore the spread of cultural information and implementation of it through globalization has the ability to over power current cultural traditions. For example the increase in democracy talked about in the positive aspects of globalization can also be seen as a negative because some of the communities it has an affect on have a cultural or religious stance against democracy, therefore changing their previous cultural views. The destruction of local businesses is caused by the formation of international companies and outsourcing. With globalization, the ability for international companies to mass produce a product becomes easier, the savings from mass producing a product allow for cheaper prices for the consumer, the consumer is going to buy the cheaper product to save money, driving out local business that make the same product.
I personally believe that the best way to understand humanity in the 21st century is through social groups. This is because dividing people by nation is too broad as the effects of globalization have caused for subgroups within nations, or culturally/religiously divided nations. If we view the interaction among subgroups there will be a better understanding of how people are influenced and what changes lead to the creation of social groups within the nation due to the spread of information caused by globalization.
Miller, D. (n.d.). Globalization Part I and Part II. Lecture. Retrieved July 31, 2016, from http://anthropology.msu.edu/anp236-us16/lecture-videos/globalization-part-i/
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