Week 4 Short Answer

Globalization is a process of interaction and integration among the people, companies and governments of different nations, a process driven by international trade and investment and aided by information technology. It aims to democratize and unify nations across the world.
Globalization will lower the disparity of wealth among the classes of the world, encourage equality among individuals and quicken the dissemination of information through the internet. While the United States alone has a large disparity of wealth between the upper and lower classes, it worsens as we begin to include developing nations. Because globalization promotes free trade and knocks down trade barriers, companies are able to relocate to other countries and provide work and wages for those people. This rise in income will start to create a sense of inclusion within developing nations making those individuals feel more human and equal as opposed to objects of study or figures for news articles and magazine covers. As the world globalizes, information spreads freely because nations lose the sense to keep information confidential in order to feel superior to other nations.
While globalization seems ideal to some, it has its cons. By globalizing the world, cultures are lost, the middle class is threatened and labor is exploited. According to lecture material, some perceive globalization as Americanization of the world by forcibly promoting democracy. Before we can live harmoniously, we must acknowledge and embrace our differences. In order for the world to be globalized, we must all embrace one language and culture. This is asking individuals to abandon their beliefs and native tongues in order to feel integrated in society. This is not only eliminating different cultures but influencing anger among those who feels this is an issue which could eventually lead to war. While this process also boosts the economy of developing nations, it hurts the economy of developed nations. The middle class gets weaker as companies begin to emigrate to developed nations where labor and costs are cheaper. When these companies relocate, the jobs they supply also leave. They then give the work to individuals in developed nations where workers earn half the wage of what an American worker would have made. Although this is improving their economy, it is not beneficial to the worker. The United States has regulations that protects workers against harmful work conditions while developing nations do not. Workers provide longer hours of work for less pay. They use the pay they earn to maintain a comfortable lifestyle but the money they are working hard for is essentially given back to the company that is doing the exploitation or a different one.
In my opinion, globalization is not the key to our issues. The best unit of measurement for understanding humanity in the 21st century is social groups. Refuters may look at it as alienating individuals who do not identify with the group. However, understanding and respecting social groups allows people to freely interact with those that they are most similar to, but if everyone understood and respected other social groups how they did their own, we could embrace our differences and coexist as one.

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