Globalization is adapting and incorporating different countries and their economies, as well as cultural values. One example of this is during World War II, the United States government hotly debated on globalizing in the world, which meant joining the world war and becoming intertwined in the politics of other countries. Another example is the history of Japan, the country did not allow foreigners into the country until the 1880s, and even then it was very strict. Japan did not want to globalize for hundred of years, the country wanted to keep to itself. In today’s modern world, most of the world is globalized, thanks to advances in technology. In the past twenty years, technology has made it much easier for countries to easily communicate with each other, and open up international trades.
Globalization has many positives, as well as many negatives. Because countries can now come together and work towards a common goal, technology has advanced to amazing levels. There is also more open trade and foreign items in grocery stores across the world. In the United States, international items can be bought at local markets and large stores. Particularly, with food items, I am able to go to a market and buy dried black eggs that were imported from China a week ago, something that Americans may not have been so easily able to do ten to twenty years ago. There is also more health and social advances in third world countries thanks to first world countries intervening, such as the creation of the World Health Organization, an organization that works with third world countries to develop better health care systems. One example is how the World Health Organization is helping the Indian government combat polio. So far the country has been polio free since 2011, and I do not believe this would have happened without globalization
Some of the negatives are that some strong cultural values and traditions can be lost due to globalization. Younger Japanese citizens face criticism for being exposed to too much western culture, and do not appreciate traditional Japanese culture anymore. Because of this, family run businesses, like temples or restaurants that served the Japanese for over hundreds of years are losing business and shutting down, one reason for the business not continuing is after the aging owner dies, no one wants to take over the business. Globalization has also created a huge dependency between international economies. In one of my economic classes, I learned a metaphor that says, “Every time the United States sneezes, the other countries have a cold several years later.” After the severe economic recession in 2008, many other countries have had their own economic recession due to the United States recession. Some economies in the world may be too tied together, one example is the economic relationship between China and the United States. If either economy collapses, the other will collapse.
The job market has become more competitive as well. Globalization has led to more international relocation of students and professionals in the healthcare and law system. Students in America are not just competing among themselves, they are also competing with students from other countries. International relocation has depleted some third world countries because the citizens in higher education emigrate to other countries. This has created a shortage of doctors and other professionals in third world countries, which is detrimental to bettering the country that the professionals are leaving.
All individuals belong to a social group, and there are numerous social groups in a nation, so I believe that social groups are the best measurement. By studying social groups in this current century, we can see the various factors that cause certain social groups to emigrate, immigrate, and change or merge their culture, among other things. Globalization has provided sociologists with many social groups to study, that were not available prior to it. Overall, I do think that despite the flaws, globalization has provided more technological advances, better healthcare in third world countries, as well as more social groups to study.
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