We have learned in lecture this week that social movements are the result of the collective action of ordinary citizens that is unauthorized, and anti-institutional, for the sake of changing their world. When this takes place within a countries boarders it is considered to be and internal social movement. Throughout history, however, these movements have become international, crossing boarders and oceans, for the purpose of helping communities around the globe better their world. These movements have been described as Transnational Collective Action and characterized by international campaigns against international actors or institutions as well as other states (Porta & Tarrow pg. 2-3). The ability of social movements to reach across continents has been made possible by a great increase in knowledge around the globe
There are many ways in which social movements have increased their presence and connectedness across boarders. Three factors that I think are the most enabling are the world’s increase in communication technology, transportation, and a decrease in the language gap between countries. Because people are able to communicate so much quicker than they ever were before, thanks to devices like phones and computers, people are able to plan and react to events much quicker than ever before. Activists from all over the world can plan a public display, via phone, text, or e-mail, which could not have been accomplished 100 years ago. Our ability to travel from one side of the globe to the other in a fraction of the time it once did has also allowed social movements to cross boarders by spreading activist around the world to support and teach their beliefs. I also learned in lecture that people have also begun to speak more languages, allowing for better spread of knowledge, ideas, and social links.
I believe that feminism has become a form of Transnational Collective Action and not just a case of internal social movements for a number of reasons. In an article I found through MSU’s library I learned that international feminism has existed for nearly a century and international women’s organizations, like the Women’s International League For Peace and Freedom and the Women’s International Democratic Federation, have been around since the mid eighties. Moghadam described these organizations as participating in Transnational Feminist Networks that shared a sense of identity, meaning, and common goals (pg. 60).
Moghadam, Valentine M. “Transnational Feminist Networks: Collective Action In an Era of Globalization.” International Sociology 15.1 (2000): 57-85. Web. 8 Aug. 2016. <http://iss.sagepub.com.proxy2.cl.msu.edu/content/15/1/57.full.pdf+html>.